Video Clips

Canadian Army Newsreels

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 1

1.1 Defence Minister Visits Troops. Colonel James Layton Ralston, Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart, and C.D. Howe arrive by bomber in England and are greeted by High Commissioner Vincent Massey; 2nd Unit parade; Ralston chats with soldiers, sees an artillery course demonstration, visits a hospital; visits the Scotland Forestry Corps; inspects 1st Division 3rd Brigade, West Nova Scotias; 9th Highland Brigade gives a demonstration; 5th Division 85th Cape Breton Highlanders; 4th Division.

1.2 Canadian Signallers Prove Skills at Arms1st Canadian Signal Corps competes with the British 12th Corps at their job skills; competitions in putting up signal poles and riding dispatch on motorcycles over rough terrain.

1.3 When Non-Combatants Fight3rd Division special training exercises for supply, transport, petrol, ammunition, medics and other non-fighting soldiers; they practice a beach landing and climb a cliff.

1.4 Army Hands Over New AirportThe Royal Canadian Air Force gets a new airport from the Royal Canadian Engineers; the airfield under construction; Air Chief Marshal Courtney, Air Marshal Edwards, Chief Engineer Major General Hertzberg, and General A.G.L. McNaughton review the troops; Edwards gives a speech (live sound); the first Mustangs land.

1.5 Here Come the GuardsThe Coldstream Guards welcome the Governor General’s Foot Guards in Aldershot, England; Brigadiers Burns and Phelan at train station; parade out of station.

1.6 Dieppe Heroes HonouredCanadians who fought at Dieppe receive honours at Buckingham Palace; shots of many soldiers leaving the grounds; Major General J.H. Roberts, Brigadier C.C. Mann, Air Commodore A.T. Cole, Captain P.A. Porteous, Colonel C. Merritt, Sergeant Thurman, Private L. R. Thrussell, Private W.C. McKellar, and others.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 2

2.1 Christmas MailChristmas mail is unloaded from ships; Canadian Postal Corps at work on the docks and in the mail rooms; mail is sent to soldiers in the field.

2.2 Drummer Boy Visits Former UnitBilly Buchanan, the drummer boy of the Royal Winnipeg Rifles during the time of the Riel Rebellion, visits his old unit; parade of soldiers.

2.3 Canadian Sappers Strike it RichCanadian army miners look for diamonds, get a British mine back into production for civilians to take over; the everyday life of the miners (mealtime and games).

2.4 O.C.T.U. GraduationBrigadier Marcel Noel inspects the new officers from the Officer Cadet Training Unit and presents certificates.

2.5 Women in UniformCanadian Women’s Army Corps: Major A. Sorbie meets Commander Riley in England; C.W.A.C.s in secretarial duties; a draughtswoman; kitchen duties at their barracks, relaxing.

2.6 Looking Back and ForwardReview of Canadian activities in England and France; the retreat to England; guarding England; artillery; blasting buildings; battle in the Channel; Dieppe cemetery.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 3

3.1 Canadians Keep it CleanThe Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps’ mobile unit mechanized laundry truck in operation.

3.2 Christmas PartyTwo hundred British children visit the 2nd Echelon General Headquarters; soldiers throw parties for them with live entertainment; Santa Claus aka C.M.S. Pert doles out gifts.

3.3 First Hockey5th Division Support Group plays 17th Field Regiment in the first game of the season.

3.4 And Still They ComeCanadian reinforcements on a ship; Newfoundland Gunners; Captain Ross Jung, a Chinese-American doctor with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps; air force; fire-fighters; soldiers on the dock.

3.5 Making Them ToughTraining at C.T.S. on a cliff face; climbing with ropes, etc.

3.6 The Big ParadeThe third anniversary of Canadian forces in England; dignitaries on a podium, tanks roll by.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 4

4.1 Lorne Scots Lay Memorial PlaqueCanadian soldiers visit an old church in Surrey, England and perform a ceremonial presentation to mark their activities.

4.2 Return from the RockGeneral A.G.L. McNaughton greets Major J.G. Tatum and the 2nd Tunnelling Company in England; J.D. Bryce gives a voice-over.

4.3 Casualty Clearing StationA casualty clearing station in operation; receiving wounded from ambulances; X-ray equipment; a nurse and doctor; convalescents enjoy the fresh air on the camp grounds.

4.4 Squadron ShootThe 1st Division Prince Louise Dragoon Guards Reconnaissance Unit in the field; shooting at an old house; armoured cars move in.

4.5 Tank Landing1st Army Tank Brigade train at sea with the navy; landing exercises with Churchill tanks.

4.6 Wet FeetTraining in landing craft, beach landing with the North Nova Scotia Highlanders

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 5

5.1 The King Presents New Years HonoursAwards outside Buckingham Palace: Lord and Lady Mountbatten, Colonel A.H. Jarvis, Major General H.D.G. Crerar, Major General G.R. Turner, Matron-in-Chief Neil, Lance Corporal Chambers, Corporal Leclerc, Brigadier Waite, Nurse Jean S. Taylor, Nurse Elva C.M. Honey, Nurse Edith M. Bregan-Mety, Nurse Ida Henderson, Nurse Doris C. Kent, Major H.O. Moran, Captain E.I. Manning, Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart, Colonel Fulton, Captain E.D. Magnus, Warrant Major Steel, Colonel Basher, Lieutenant Colonel Campbell, Matron Blausch D. Hermann, Major B. Suvarov, Sergeant Coglan, Sergeant Heir, Trooper Lalonde.

5.2 L’Entente CordialeThe changing of the guard at the 5th Armoured Division; French soldiers train with Canadians.

5.3 Ottawa Mayor Visits TroopsMayor Stanley Lewis visits Ottawa troops in England; nurses from No.5 Casualty Clearing Station pitch a marquee and march; Cameron Highlanders; Governor General’s Foot Guards; Field Survey Company of the Royal Canadian Engineers.

5.4 R.C.R. Win Cross Country TitleCanadian Army Cross Country championships; Lorne Scots, 11th Ontario Tank Regiment, No.1 C.A.C.R.U., Royal Canadian Regiment, Regina Rifles, Fort Garry Horse; running over roads and fences, in the woods; 1st place finish by J.A. Eddy, 2nd by R. Brampton, and 3rd by A.G. Bielki.

5.5 C.W.A.C. Recruits “Pass Out”Major General P.J. Montague is received by Major Alice Sorbie of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps. C.W.A.C.s who enlisted in England graduate and are inspected.

5.6 Army Boxing FinalQueensbury Club London; Bantam fight – Private E. Runyons vs. Trooper L. Slobodian; Featherweight – R. Doherty vs. D. Webb; Lightweight – W. Buxton vs. D. Thibault; Middleweight – R. MacDonald vs. A.L.D. Mabley; Light-Heavyweight – J. Jammall vs. J. Trudeau; Heavyweight – T.R. Halls vs. S. Glover; Major General P.J. Montague presents the awards.

5.7 Royal InspectionKing George of England inspects the 1st Canadian Corps Troops, 7th Anti-Tank, and the 1st Canadian Army Tank Brigade.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 6

6.1 Lady Patricia Ramsay Inspects P.P.C.L.I.Ramsay inspects her regiment, the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry.

6.2 Pigeon PostCanadian soldiers release British pigeons with messages tied to their legs.

6.3 Bringing in the SheavesCanadian soldiers help with the British harvest.

6.4 Canadians Meet Norwegians in Soccer Play-DownsSecond round of the Inter-Allied Services Soccer Cup on the West Ham football grounds, England; Brigadier General J.C. Stuart presents badges to the Norwegians, Major General Bateman to the Canadians.

6.5 British Mayors Visit Canadian TroopsA group of English mayors tour Canadian training grounds and view armoured cars.

6.6 Little Girls and Big GunsEnglish convent school girls visit Canadian ack-ack battery near London.

6.7 Turn on the HeatMembers of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps learn to fight London fires in bombed-out buildings with the instruction of the London fire fighters.

6.8 Massed Bands Open “Wings for Victory” WeekInauguration of a new war bond campaign in Hyde Park, London; bands march by High Commissioner Vincent Massey and Squadron Leader Leroy on a podium.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 7

7.1 Black Watch Easter ServiceThe Highlanders from Montreal attend an Easter drumhead service for Brigadier K.G. Blackader, the new C.O. in England; a parade; organ and singing outdoors.

7.2 Medical InspectionMajor General H.L.N. Salmon makes one of his last appearances at the inspection of medical units; Brigadier J.A. Linton, Brigadier E.A. McCusker, Lieutenant Colonel G. Kitching, Lieutenant Colonel W.J. Mooth and Salmon inspect the field ambulance, field dressing station and the hygiene section; training session and inspections.

7.3 Army Soccer FinalsMajor General H.L.N. Salmon attends a soccer match between the Seaforth Highlanders from British Columbia and the Engineers in a country field; Salmon awards medals to the winners.

7.4 Baseball Season OpensHarringate Stadium hosts the London International Baseball League opener, attended by U.S. Army General P.B. Rogers; U.S. Army Headquarters vs. the Canadian Military Headquarters; London spectators watch on.

7.5 The King’s FarmCanadian soldiers who are also civilian farmers visit the King’s Farm and look at bulls.

7.6 Tunnellers Receive Gibraltar KeysLieutenant General A.G.L. McNaughton gives watch fobs provided by C.D. Howe to Royal Canadian Engineers Tunnelling Company for their service in Gibraltar; Sergeant G. McChetney, Lieutenant A.O. Ames, and Lieutenant J.B. Kirk receive prizes.

7.7 Khaki Close-UpsOrdnance Clerk Private Charmaine Sansom and her father Lieutenant General E.W. Sansom; C.W.A.C.s tote kit bags. Medals awarded to Private J. Jolé, Private R. Vinyard, Private C. Lafleur, Lieutenant A.A. Masson of Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal and Lance Corporal J. Laraine at royal investiture. Good Friday service for the Royal Winnipeg Rifles on the Regiment’s 60th birthday; Major General R.F.L. Keller and Brigadier T.G. Gibson attend. O.C.T.U. graduation of 1st class of C.W.A.C.s cadet officers; parade; General McNaughton in attendance.

7.8 Men of VimyMajor General P.J. Montague inspects the Canadian Veterans’ Guard (veterans of Vimy); they, along with the Canadian Branch of the British legion and U.S. soldiers, march to Blitz St. Margaret’s beside Westminster Abbey.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 8

8.1 Crash Victims Buried at Brookwood Cemetery Victims of an airplane crash in April 1943, Major General Harry Leonard Noel Salmon and Lieutenant Colonel Francis Jeffrey Finlay, are buried; Lieutenant General A.G.L. McNaughton and others salute the coffins; 21-gun salute.

8.2 Vanier Visits French Canadian Units Major General Georges P. Vanier does a tour of inspections; the Royal 22nd Fighting Vandoos; the 3rd Battalion, Royal Canadian Engineers with Lieutenant General McNaughton, where he sees a demonstration of bomb disposal and gives an informal address; Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, veterans of Dieppe.

8.3 Six-Pounder Shoot Anti-Tank battery, Royal Canadian Artillery on ranges with guns; loading and firing.

8.4 High Commissioner Clears a MinefieldThe Right Honourable Malcolm MacDonald, the British High Commissioner to Canada, reviews the Governor General’s Horse Guard, 5th Division; engineers demonstrate minefield clearance; tanks equipped with tank assault bridges go over a ditch; MacDonald clears a mine.

8.5 The Queen Inspects Highland UnitsMay 7, 1943 – Queen Elizabeth visits the Black Watch, the Royal Highland Unit of whom she is Colonel-in-Chief; Lieutenant Colonel H.T. Cantley attends; march and inspection by troops; Toronto Scottish inspection with Lieutenant E.G. Johnson in attendance; the Queen departs.8.6 R.C.A.F. Train BustersSquadron Leader Blake Wood instructs D.M. Bitzy Grant; pilots start Mustang planes, take off and attack German trains; return home.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 9

9.1 Duke of Gloucester Inspects CanadiansThe Duke inspects army units and Dental Corps, #6 Casualty Clearing Station; display by 3rd Army Tank Brigade, and 18th Armoured Car regiment; 4th Division Royal Canadian Army Service Corps; Major General F.F. Worthington inspects an honour guard of the 28th Canadian Armoured Regiment; 11th Infantry Brigade and tanks put on an attack display; inspection of the Royal Winnipeg Rifles.

9.2 Canadian Sappers Train at British SchoolRoyal Engineers and Royal Canadian Engineers at a military engineering school where they learn about mine laying, removal, and how to build prefabricated bridges.

9.3 Casualty Evacuation14th Field Ambulance parade for Brigadier E.A. McCusker and Lieutenant Colonel Matron-in-Chief A.C. Neil; demonstration of a casualty evacuation over a small river; stretchers on a jeep.

9.4 The Pen and the Sword Canadian army clerks train on an assault course and crawl in the mud.

9.5 Khaki Close-Ups War correspondent Ross Munro marries Nurse Helen Marie Stevens. Lorne Scots gather for a parade and a sports day; 3-mile race won by J.W. Collier and R.B. Harley; tug of war; spectators; high jump by C.Q.M. Zipyard and Private V.J. Smith; Private W. Cream jumps. The Queen’s Own Cameron’s dive into a river for fun.

9.6 Ready for the DayThree Rivers and Calgary Tank Regiments train in landing exercises; waterproofing tanks; tanks go into the water; land; waterproofing is blown off; tanks roll into formation and fire.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 10

10.1 Les Canadiens Sont Là!The 27th Company French Canadian Forestry Corps Unit works in a Scottish forest; they cut down trees with saws, axes, heavy equipment; at the mill; lumber yard.

10.2 British Parliamentarians Visit Army Lord Marshwood, Lord Stansgate, Sir Percy Hardy, R.C. Morrison visit Lieutenant General A.G.L. McNaughton at army headquarters; meet outside the building.

10.3 Sappers Rebuild Blitzed ChurchA new church is opened in South Merstham, Surrey; Canadian Corporal Padre George Hedley Wolfendale; the Bishop of Suffolk with dignitaries.

10.4 Precision Drill Royal Canadian Engineers perform a precision drill.

10.5 Tunisian PatrolGoubellat Plain; Sergeant Major Doumet of Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal works with a British Unit; Colonel Austin and the British regiment go on horseback across the field; cavalry charge at farm; German spoils.

10.6 Piping SchoolPipe Major Ross and his students at Edinburgh Castle in Scotland; Ross speaks; Canadians and Scots practice; they march inside the castle with their pipes (live sound)

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 11

11.1 Army Print Shop. Royal Canadian Army Service Corps printers and stationery shop; machines, typeset, proof readers, pressing, paper cutting, printed materials on assembly line.

11.2 New G.O.C. Inspects His Division Major General Guy Simonds, the new General Officer Commanding, inspects 1st Infantry Brigade with Brigadier H.D. Graham; Simonds inspects the Royal Canadian Regiment with Lieutenant Colonel R. Crowe; he inspects the Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment with Lieutenant B. A. Sutcliffe; he inspects the 48th Highlanders with Lieutenant I.S. Johnston; march past by the Royal Canadian Regiment; Seaforth’s march by Simonds, Lieutenant Colonel B.M. Hoffmeister and Brigadier C. Vokes; Lieutenant Colonel J.C. Jefferson inspects the Loyal Edmonton Regiment; Simonds inspects the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry with Lieutenant Colonel R.A. Lindsay; he inspects the 3rd Brigade 1st Field Regiment with Lieutenant Colonel J.E. Lane and Brigadier M.H.S. Penhale; he inspects the Carleton and Yorks with Lieutenant Colonel F.D. Tweedie and Brigadier Major F.C. Pangman; Simonds inspects the West Nova Scotias Veterans.

11.3 Field Dressing Station. Demonstration of patient evaluation; in tents, blood transfusions.

11.4 Army Mascots. Canadian Scottish Regiment mascot St. Bernard (Wallace) with pipers; “Corporal Duck” of the Royal Canadian Dragoons plays with dogs; Rex of #2 Tunnelling Company, Royal Canadian Engineers dog; Thunder the dog of the 48th Highlanders runs obstacles; the black goat of the Black Watch; Princess Louise Fusiliers’ puppy plays with a gas canister; Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment’s cigar store Indian (Little Chief Mark Two) on guard.

11.5 St. Jean Baptiste Day. Special mass for No.6 Infantry Reinforcement Unit for St.Jean Baptiste Day; ceremonial march; Sergeant Armand Colant plays baseball; tug of war; Corporal Leo Bourdon and Private Réal Daoust in a boxing match.

11.6 Attack! Tanks and trucks of the Motorized Infantry Battalion, Westminster Regiment rush into woods, fields, and hills.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 12

12.1 Parade of Nations. Allied troops parading in Whitehall on the occasion of United Nations Day.

12.2 Back to Health. Rehabilitation training at Alton Convalescent Hospital, visiting officers watching exercises.

12.3 Third Division Wins R.C.A.S.C. Sports. Royal Canadian Army Service Corps: Various track and field sports and demonstrations of physical training. Major General R.F.L. Keller presents the awards. Major General E.L.M. Burns and Colonel McQueen attend.

12.4 Chief of Staff Arrives in Britain Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart is met by Major General P.J. Montague and chats with him and other officers.

12.5 Mediterranean Interlude. Men of the R.C.A.F. servicing Boston Bomber in desert, crew being briefed, boarding plane. Several Bostons in the air, a Wellington bomber. Interior shot of crew. Bombs are dropped. Pantellaria, Sicily.

12.6 Canadians Embark for Sicily. Canadian soldiers marching, board transport trucks, embark on troop ship. Canadian Army joins them. Troop ship leaves.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 13

13.1 Sicily July 10, 1943: British, Canadian and American troops land on the beaches of Southwest Sicily; group convoy in the Mediterranean; life aboard the ships; landing on the beaches of Pachino; Sequences on: ships in Mediterranean; unloading of vehicles, tanks, guns, ammunition, and supplies; landing of Canadian reinforcement troops in North Africa – shots of huge base camp, nursing sisters and soldiers swimming in the sea. Pachino airport in Sicily, taken by the Royal Canadian Regiment – shot of Spitfires taking off, Ross Munro and Peter Stursberg of the CBC, Italian prisoners. Canadian soldiers moving inland; Sicilians moving their belongings. Shot of Commander Guy Granville Simonds of the First Canadian Infantry Division, General Montgomery and Lord Mountbatten; the 8th Army advances; U.S. soldiers take over Ragusa and Ispica; Italian General Achille d’Havet of the 206th Coast Division surrenders to General Simonds; the Edmonton Regiment in Modica is visited by Montgomery. Sequence on soldiers taking over Ragusa and other towns; shots of tanks moving in; Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry leading attack at Valguarnera; German prisoners; Railway Station bombed by the RAF; and General Simonds and Montgomery together, planning the next attack, German Propaganda.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 14

14.1 Colonel Ralston Visits Troops. Major General Georges Vanier, Air Marshal Baldwin and Major General P.J. Montague meet Major General J.L. Ralston, the Minister of National Defence, at a London airport; Major General Ralston is greeted by Vincent Massey and Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart. Major General C.R.S. Steen and Ralston inspect the Lorne Scots; Brigadier H. Sharp and Ralston inspect the 11th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 1st Regiment, Cape Breton Highlanders, the Irish Regiment of Canada; an informal chat; at 5th Division, a regimental inspection of the 3rd Reconnaissance Regiment; Brigadier R.R.G. Morton and Ralston inspect regiments of the Royal Canadian Artillery; Ralston with the 5th Armoured Brigade inspecting the 2nd, 5th, and 9th armoured regiments, and the Westminster Motor Regiment; Major General F.F. Worthington inspects the 4th Armoured Division and the Algonquin Regiment at work with Ralston ; they see a demonstration by the gunners; Ralston tries on a tank operator suit and inspects a tank.

14.2 Sicily. Canadians capture Assoro and move to Leonforte; trenches; tanks move on, explosions; Canadians move into the ruins of Leonforte; engineers work on damaged equipment; prepare for Agira; night shots of gunfire as gunners attack German positions; hilltop lookout; Sergeant Cameraman Jimmy Campbell films action; machine gunners; troops move into town, hunt down snipers; engineers clean up town, shots of wreckage; moving on past wrecked German and Italian equipment, prisoners; troop movements; Seaforth pipers at Agira.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 15

15.1 Army Sports Day. 1943 Canadian Army Track and Field Championships with General A.G.L. McNaughton in attendance; 100 yard dash; High jump by W.L. St. John; 1 mile run won by R.N. Mavy; J.C. Crashley at the running long jump; 440 yard race; 3 mile run conclusion; Ali Gore at the shot put; 5th Division team from Westminster Regiment versus the 3rd Division Royal Canadian Army Service Corps tug of war; hop-step-jump; 440 yard relay race; McNaughton presents prizes.

15.2 The King Presents Colours to Dieppe Veterans. King George and Queen Elizabeth visit the Royal Regiment of Canada and the South Saskatchewan Regiment along with High Commissioner Vincent Massey; Lieutenant Col. F.L. Nichols and Lieutenant Col. F.A. Cliff meet with them on the Whitley parade grounds for an inspection tour; new colours are presented and the troops march by.

15.3 Play Ball. Baseball game at Empire Stadium, Wembley; a big crowd; Major General P.J. Montague, Lieutenant General J. Devers (U.S. Army), Greeting players is Lord Wigram, representing the British Red Cross for whose benefit the game was held.

15.4 Sicily Snapshots. Canadian North African Hospital in operation; doctors using lab equipment, moving patients into a tent; Reinforcements go over a conditioning course in North Africa; Royal Canadian Engineers use their bulldozers to make roads and drainage ditches; tanks roll over the new roads; Mule train being harnessed, supplies loaded; 1st Division war artist Lieutenant W.A. Ogilvy; Bath time for Canadian soldiers in irrigation ditches.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 16

16.1 Princess Mary Inspects C.W.A.C.s. The Princess Royal visits the Wellington Barracks to inspect the women’s division of the army corps; Major General P.J. Montague meets Princess Mary with Chief Comptroller Jean Knox; the troops parade by Lieutenant General E.W. Sansom, Brigadier A. Roger, Brigadier J.H. McQueen and Brigadier E.G. Weeks.

16.2 Royal Family Visits 5th Division Troops. King George, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret review the 5th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment of the Royal Canadian Artillery, and the Irish Regiment of Canada.

16.3 Inspector-General Visits Gunners. Canadian Artillery Reinforcement Units are inspected and parade before Major General Alexander; “crash action” demonstration by the 13th Field Battery, who set up, then take down their guns.

16.4 Sicily Snapshots. Battalion reunion of the Seaforth Highlanders in a Catania Stadium; pipe bands perform; Mule race with riders in silly costumes, betting booths, and a real horse race; General Bernard Montgomery visits soldiers in Sicily before the Italian invasion; General A.G.L. McNaughton informally visits the 1st Division.

16.5 And Now Italy! Plans for Italian attack; light barrage, landing craft move in on Sept.3, 1943.; Messina crossing; 8th Army moves across Calabria Hills; General Montgomery; engineers fix bridge; Carleton and Yorks at captured airport outside Reggio de Calabria; 8th Army on the move.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 17

17.1 Canadians Train for Invasion Day. Allied troops at Scottish and English Invasion training centres practice beach landings.

17.2 Cross-Channel Exercise. Soldiers board train and arrive at an English port for exercises; landing craft and ships move across the English Channel towards the French coast.

17.3 Heavy Ack-Ack. Canadian gunners at heavy ack-ack gunnery (3.7 Anti-Aircraft gun).

17.4 Lord Wavell Inspects Black Watch. Field Marshal Lord Wavell, the Viceroy Designate of India, visits Black Watch of Canada; inspection and march by.

17.5 Italy. New huge tank landing ships at beach landing; War correspondents radio engineers Alex MacDonald and Paul Johnston of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation; cutting a record; Getting through enemy demolitions on the roads; 8th Army troops and mule train in the mountains; German wreckage by the roads, moving through villages; happy Italian crowds.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 18

18.1 Fifth Victory Loan Gets Real Send-Off. Posters; troops sign up.

18.2 Training for Trains. Royal Canadian Engineers attend an English railway school; mini railway model; looking at the real trains; working with English counterparts on the trains.

18.3 Back From the Wars Lady Nelson Hospital Ship docks at a British port and wounded allied soldiers disembark or are carried off in stretchers.

18.4 Mediterranean Snapshots. North African men entertain soldiers with music and dancing; Provost Corps makes new road signs for occupied lands; traffic guards; traffic; General Bernard Montgomery gives awards to Canadian soldiers; Major General Guy Simonds, Brigadier H.D. Graham, Brigadier C. Vokes, Lieutenant Colonel Walsh, Major Southern, Lieutenant P.F. Potvin, Major G.A. Welsh, Sergeant W.J. Brooks, Major H.P. Bell-Irving, Lance Sergeant R. Beauregard, Lieutenant Colonel J.C. Jefferson, Corporal D. Mead, Major R.C. Coleman, Corporal Robert Middleton, Captain Tye, Lance Corporal G.E. Patinaude, Captain N.R. Roy, Corporal A.T. Brant, Captain M. Trudeau, Sergeant Major H.P. Charters, Sergeant R.R. McPhee, Lieutenant Rex Carey, Lieutenant N.W. Dixon, Private I.J. Gunther, Lieutenant G.C. Evans, Sergeant John Towell, Lieutenant Harrod, Private Wilford Riley, Lieutenant E.F.C. Murdock; Tanks move to Potenza to help the 5th Army at Salerno; German wreckage; shooting at the town; Italian Field Marshal Pietro Badoglio meets with the news media and Lieutenant General Mason-MacFarlane of the U.S. Army.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 19

19.1 Canada Jumps. Men of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion undergo stiff obstacle course training, practice indoor jumps; prepare for the real thing. Shots of them boarding aircraft and jumping. Various shots of them floating down and landing as others watch. Shots of the new paratroops getting their wings.

19.2 Airport Hand-Over. Royal Canadian Engineers manning heavy machinery as they build an airfield. At the turn-over ceremony, Brigadier Melville and Air Vice Marshal Baker, of the Canadian Army and Royal Air Force respectively, inspect the new airport staff.

19.3 Exercise Pirate. A rehearsal for invasion. Men load tanks onboard landing craft. Sequence on landing craft flotilla at sea, approaching beach; men landing.

19.4 Italian Interlude. Divisional sports meet in Potenza, Italy. 880 yard dash is completed by D.R. Cameron and L.W. Brook; Artillery and Canadian Infantry Brigade in tug-of-war; obstacle race; Peter Stursberg is shown speaking into a microphone. Army vehicles have trouble with deep mud during heavy rains. At a supply dump, men of the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps handle cans of gasoline and other supplies. Men are shown eating their rations. Turkey being caught and prepared for Thanksgiving celebration. Song about work in the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps is heard on the soundtrack. Canadian troops of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division advance through the ruined town of Monte Cassino on their way to Motta in October 1943.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 20

20.1 Over the Top. The 5th Victory Loan surpasses its goal, raising over 3.7 million dollars; various scenes of military operations; personnel in various locations signing up for the loan.

20.2 Personalities in the News. Major General P.J. Montague and other high-ranking military officers meet Colonel J.L. Ralston at an airport; Mr. Frederic Hudd of the Canadian High Commission; Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart and Major H.F.G. Letson; Major General Letson and Major General J.H. Roberts on an inspection tour; visit the reinforcements at pre-O.C.T.U. Selection Camp; Colonel MacNeil guides them around a training course; the two Major Generals look at electric drills of the No. 1 Canadian Base Ordnance Workshop; Cadet J.A. Hicks receives a military medal for bravery, making him the only Canadian to be twice invested during the war.

20.3 Farewell and Hail! The return of young veterans of Dieppe is chronicled in a unique first-person style narration; 1st Division Veterans in training; scenes from a naval battle at Dieppe; injured soldiers; the prisoners of war return a couple of years later; the Adjutant-General Sir Ronald Adam gives an address from the Queen, followed by the Lord Provost of Edinburgh (live sound); the boat arrives at the port, with a band and people singing “Roll Out the Barrel” at dockside; crowds welcome the soldiers; an interview with a Canadian ex-prisoner of war (live sound); in Liverpool, another ship carrying the seriously-wounded former prisoners arrive at the dock; Vincent Massey greets them; disabled soldiers on the dock; RAF pilots who were shot down in Germany; at the train station, Red Cross workers give the soldiers food; Jim Fleming, C. Hoskin, and Bob Hall; Sergeant Michaud; Armand Gèrard; Norman Scully; Norman Lally; Frank Ouimet; Norman and Glen listen to their friend talk about their experiences.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 21

21.1 C.W.A.C.s Graduate from British O.C.T.U. Cadets from the Canadian Women’s Army Corps graduate from a British Officer Cadet Training Unit and parade before Crown Prince Olav, Senior Comptroller Waitley, and Major General P.J. Montague; Lieutenant Charmaine Sansom greets her father, Lieutenant General E.W. Sansom; Colonel Meehan and his wife, one of the graduates.

21.2 Fort Garry Horse Celebrates Cambrai Day, Brigadier Rutherford attends a sports meet; soldiers participate in silly races; Supervisor Millington and Rutherford give out the prizes; Major Mindold receives a makeshift trophy.

21.3 On the Road to Rome. March to Campobasso, Italy; aircraft; a dead Italian woman; the move to Campobasso; North African men lead mule train supplies; soldiers use communications equipment loaded on a mule; Brigadier M.H.S. Penhale in conference, his promotion is announced; vehicles drive over bad roads; mountain hike; artillery sets up; Private E.T. Noble with Bren gun; Staff Sergeant Lewenton surveys Campobasso from the hills; troops move through happy crowds.

21.4 Canada Town. Campobasso is nicknamed “Canada Town”, intersection named “Piccadilly Circus”; Gunner McGilligan gets a shoeshine; soldiers buy souvenirs; Lance Corporal Lord; “Beaver Club” exterior; Corporal Davis and Sergeant Carver have tea; Private Benson and Private Williams write home; dart game; Lance Corporal Walsh gets a haircut; town scenes.

21.5 Canadians Awarded Croix de Guerre. A parade for the veterans of Dieppe; French General Matinée, Major General Georges Vanier, Major General P.J. Montague and French officers attend. Awards are given to Lieutenant Colonel Guy Gostling, Private Charles Highland, Captain George Buchanan, Captain Ross Campbell, Sergeant Assar Sousshar, Private Gordon Buchanan, Private Stanley Cowley, Private Harvey Seaton, Major Clarence Ostand.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 22

22.1 Arabian Princes Visit Canadian Corps. Amir Faisal and Amir Khalid, sons of King Ibn Saud of Arabia pay a visit to the Canadian Corps with Lieutenant General E.W. Sansom; they look at tanks up close and see an armoured division demonstration.

22.2 Power for Victory. Canadian Forestry Corps in the Scottish Highlands exploit the hydroelectric power source to work tools at the lumber yard and run other equipment.

22.3 Reinforcements Arrive – A British Port. Soldiers arrive at an unnamed port in England, crammed on the deck of the ship; The Canadian Women’s Army Corps on gangway; soldiers march off the ship; equipment is unloaded by cranes onto the dock; soldiers board trains and leave.

22.4 Naples. Infantry and artillery reinforcements arrive on ships in Naples; Captain J.E.R. McDougall of the Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit onboard; nurses in battle gear disembark; U.S. and British soldiers on the dock; pipers lead the Canadians through the streets of Naples.

22.5 United to Conquer. A Black Watch combined operations beach landing exercise; land, climb up rocks, climb on ropes and slide down.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 23

23.1 Colonel Ralston Visits Battlefront. James Layton Ralston visits Italy and does a tour of inspections: 48th Highlanders of Toronto; a French Canadian Unit; Army Service Corps; a hospital; an ancient amphitheatre provides a venue for a speech for the troops, with Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart; a regimental parade and inspection; drives out to a makeshift cemetery; meets General Bernard Montgomery and looks at the General’s pet canaries; in London, he attends a Canadian Military Headquarters church service at St. Martin’s with Major General P.J. Montague; he shakes hands with soldiers leaving the church; leaves at an airport; Vincent Massey and others salute the plane as it leaves.

23.2 C.M.H.Q. Gives Christmas Party. British children are entertained by Canadian Military Headquarters at the Poplar Hospital; some are dressed as clowns, and St. Nicholas gives out gifts.

23.3 Target-Berlin. The first Canadian-built Lancaster bomber, “Queenie” is put into service; bombing run by a Lancaster squadron; aerial shot of a German city being bombed; airmen are debriefed afterwards (live sound).

23.4 Battle of San Leonardo. High-ranking officers hold a conference; artillery fire on San Leonardo; enemy equipment left behind; dead German soldiers; glum German prisoners; Russian officers visit the 8th Army.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 24

24.1 Invasion Commander-in-Chief Gives Interview. Dwight D. Eisenhower gives a speech in London, England, on the subject of his role as Supreme Allied Commander for the invasion of Europe, and the abilities of the combined forces of the United Nations.

24.2 Colonel-in-Chief Inspects Her Regiment. Princess Mary inspects Canadian Scottish Regiment; regimental history; Wallace, the regimental mascot; pipe band parade.

24.3 Battle of Ortona. San Leonardo taken by the 8th Army; General Bernard Montgomery looks at a destroyed cathedral; German prisoners; a wounded Canadian soldier; the German dead are buried; the drive to Ortona; passing abandoned German equipment; a dead German soldier with photos of Hitler; a 15mm German tank gun in working order is found; advancing transport; mule trains on the hills; tanks move into the streets of Ortona; shelling and mortar fire; correspondent Marcel Ouimet of the CBC at the microphone; infantry patrols search out snipers; an injured man is bandaged; more sniper patrols; a sniper on a rooftop; more fighting; the townsfolk return home.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 25

25.1 The Chief Steps Down. General A.G.L. McNaughton’s activities during wartime are reviewed; December 1939, he disembarks at a British port; talking to troops casually in several locations; Sicily 1943, talking to officers and men; he says goodbye to the men along the road.

25.2 Italian Pot-Pourri. The production of the Red Patch Army newspaper; the 1st Division’s newspaper in Italy; writing, typesetting in mobile press units. The arrival of an air mail plane; it is unloaded. Colonel W.G. Able and Mr. J.W.G. Clark, public relations chiefs; meet with commanders and watch the battle of San Vito. A drumhead service in San Vito is attended by the Canadian Infantry Corps band and Italian civilians.

25.3 Farewell to the Eighth. General Bernard Montgomery says goodbye to a group of men at his headquarters before taking up duty as the commander of the British
Invasion Force; he talks to reporters; a gathering outside an opera
house; Lieutenant General Oliver Leese succeeds him; he meets the
troops and makes plans.
25.4 Invasion Chiefs Hold Conference
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Bernard Montgomery, and Air Marshal Arthur
Tedder at meeting at Supreme Allied Invasion Headquarters; they look
at a large map.
25.5 Lieutenant General Crerar Visits Battlefront
H.D.G. Crerar speaks to the Ortona Cross veterans in Italy; he meets
Lieutenant Colonel Creighton of the Seaforth Regiment; tours the ruins
of Ortona.
25.6 Seaforths Honour their Dead
Funerals at an Ortona cemetery; Lieutenant Colonel Creighton reads a
sermon.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 26

26.1 Canadian Mustangs vs. American Pirates. Rugby game in London’s White City Stadium; crowds; players enter the field; a band plays the anthems; American rules for the first half of the game; halftime performance by the Scottish Regiment pipe band, accompanied by Wallace the St. Bernard; Canadian rules for the second half; excited Canadian soldiers in the stands; Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart and Major General Lee present a teapot to Major Denny Whitaker of the winning team.

26.2 Personalities in the News. An exhibit of works done by soldiers opens at the National Gallery in London opened by Lieutenant Colonel Massey and the Duchess of Kent; Vincent Massey at the Canadian Division advancement viewing a tank and infantry display; The Princess Royal, the Colonel-in-Chief of Signal Corps, inspects her troops and is driven down a road flanked with cheering soldiers.

26.3 Canadians Receive New Year Honours. Royal Investitures at Buckingham Palace: Regimental Sergeant George Travers; Brigadier Patrick Kelly; Lieutenant Colonel J. Midhurst; Captain James Stuart and his father, Brigadier Stuart; Colonel Peter Able; Major Collier; Lieutenant Bill Irving; Lieutenant Colonel Clane; Major Bethune; Sergeant Lilly; Captain E.S. O’Toole; Major Alice Sorbie; Lieutenant Dennison; Colonel J.E. Chaput; Major Paul Liebman.

26.4 Former Pleasure Ship Evacuates Wounded. The Lady Nelson hospital ship - its history in war; the ship at the port of Naples is loaded with wounded.

26.5 Z2 Lorry.
Wireless repair at Remy Ridge telecommunication; a wireless set is brought in for repairs.

26.6 They Float Through the Air. In England, planes take off for a mass jump exercise; planes fly in formation; paratroopers leap out; paratroopers and equipment land in a field; spectators look on.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 27

27.1 Lt-Gen Stuart Opens Sixth Victory Loan Campaign. Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart gives a speech to announce an equipment fund loan drive.

27.2 General Montgomery Visits Canadian Troops. Bernard Montgomery speaks to Canadian invasion troops with Lieutenant General Stuart on hand; informal speech; Monty shakes hands with the Highland Unit team and Reinforcement Unit B team before the start of the second game of the Canadian Army Hockey Championships; Monty does face-off honours; he gives prizes to Corporal F.R. Clark and the rest of the winning team.

27.3 Parade at Windsor. One thousand Canadian Army Service Unit troops visit St. George’s Chapel for the first time; troops march to the church, Brigadier John McQueen gives a trophy to a tank transporter company for the best maintenance of its vehicles.

27.4 Close-Ups from Italy. Pamphlet propaganda is loaded into shells and aimed at the German soldiers; a memorial cross is erected in the Agira Cemetery in Sicily; mud makes road travel difficult; cooks take a refresher divisional cooking course, and learn how to make and cook with an improvised oven.

27.5 Canadians Receive Awards. Italian awards go to Sergeant Major Drapeau, Captain Sharpe, Private Magestad, Corporal McLeod, Corporal Way, Lieutenant Canyon, Major Fraser, Sergeant McDougall, Corporal Barrs, Corporal Daylor, Brigadier Matthews, Major Brown, Captain Catigan, Bombardier Rowe, Captain Watson, Lance Bombardier Rowlands, and Bombardier Reynolds.

27.6 Major Paul Triquet, V.C.
Major Paul Triquet of the Royal 22nd Regiment wins the second
Canadian Victoria Cross, the first to be given to a soldier in Italy, for his
participation at the Casa Berardi battle.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 28

28.1 Paratroops Pledge “Victory First”. Troop exercises in England, a paratrooper leader gives a speech encouraging people to buy bonds, while his men announce the amount they will be investing (live sound).

28.2 New Canadian Commander Arrives in England. Lieutenant General H.D.G. Crerar arrives at British airport and meets people.

28.3 Keeping It Clean in Italy. 1st Canadian Laundry Mobile Unit makes the rounds with its large camouflaged laundry room on wheels; blankets are washed; machine at work.

28.4 Skiing Party. A Canadian armoured unit ski to the rescue of a snowbound British reconnaissance unit in the Appenine Mountains on the Adriatic front; men prepare to leave; a truck brings them to the base of the mountain; they ski and pull sleighs; they arrive at the British post and are greeted by the men.

28.5 “Salute the Soldier”. In Trafalgar Square near Nelson’s column, a display encourages people to invest money for the war as a part of “Salute the Soldier” week; King George, the Queen and Princess Elizabeth take the salute of Canadian troops on parade with many other Allied soldiers.

28.6 Canucks and Yanks Meet Again. White City Stadium rugby match between the Canadians and Americans; the Scottish Essex pipers; the players take to the field; Canadian rules for the first half; a band and a U.S. mass formation exercise at half time; switch to American football rules; a Howitzer gun blasts for each American goal; awards presented.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 29

29.1 Royal Canadian Navy Puts “Victory First”. A convoy line of ships at sea with an anti-aircraft cruiser in the lead; men hurry to their positions; fire at an enemy aircraft; the plane is downed; a voice-over war bond pitch.

29.2 War on Wheels. Assault training on bicycles; soldiers take off over the countryside on bikes equipped with machine guns; bikers duck into the underbrush in an “enemy aircraft” drill; the men carry their bikes over an obstacle course and ride off; collapsible bikes in landing craft; soldiers run on shore and assemble their bikes; they climb over a wall and haul their bikes over.

29.3 Triquet, V.C. Meets the King. Major Paul Triquet arrives at an airport in England on his way home to Canada; he is unexpectedly invited to Buckingham Palace; Triquet looks at his Victoria Cross.

29.4 War Brides Arrive in Canada. English wives and children of Canadian soldiers disembark at an eastern Canadian port and are given food by the Red Cross; a soldier and his family.

29.5 Bells Toll in Ortona. In Italy, CBC correspondent Peter Stursberg speaks of the destruction of St. Thomas the Apostle Cathedral and of the loss of lives; a man rings a bell without a rope; Don Pierodi Puvio and soldiers go to an Ortona church.

29.6 Students in Battledress. The supervisor of educational services; courses are given to soldiers out-of-doors to help them prepare for their return to civilian life; a course bulletin board; a dispatch rider delivers material; two soldierstudents study at an alert ack-ack outpost in England; a class on the Italian front; soldiers in Ortona running in the street under siege.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 30

30.1 The Veterans of Vimy. London World War One Veterans commemorate the 27th Anniversary of the Vimy Ridge Battle; General P.J. Montague and C.W. Evans of the London Canadian Legion; the Veterans’ Guard of Canada and a Legion Colour Guard in a parade to Saint Margaret’s Church.

30.2 Canada Bound. At a port in the United Kingdom, English wives and children of Canadian soldiers embark on a ship bound for Canada; soldiers assist the passengers; the boat leaves the dock as the passenger’s wave.

30.3 Canadian Premier Arrives in England. High Commissioner Vincent Massey and staff officers greet Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King as he arrives at the Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers; Mackenzie King gives a speech to support the war effort in England (live sound).

30.4 Italian Brevities. A Canadian Army Medical Corps baseball game. Major C.F. Comfort, a war artist, works on an image; Lieutenant Emmerson of the Canadian Artillery shows Sherman tanks to Lieutenant Harendar Singh of the Indian Infantry.

30.5 Three Little Lambs. Canadian soldiers in Italy acquire three sheep; the men chase the sheep; the sheep are shown to the cook, who rejects them; the sheep are placed in a pen consisting of a German tank and some wood.

30.6 Curb Service. The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals dish out tea and messages; a motorcycle dispatcher arrives.

30.7 Tank Shoot. The Royal Canadian Engineers assist the British Pioneer Corps in the construction of an addition to a tank range; bad weather slows construction; heavy equipment at work in the mud; a “universal crusher” in operation; tanks practice on the range.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 31

31.1 Birth of a Corps. The Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (R.C.E.M.E.) is founded; the new group on a parade square in Canada; Major General Roberts inspects.

31.2 Workshops of War. Members of the Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers haul a damaged tank on a transporter and return it to the workshop; the vehicle is dismantled; the engine is stripped; a portable smithy; welding; fixing a hole in the armour; the wireless is repaired; the treads are reworked and replaced.

31.3 Dispatch Riders Train for Action. Royal Canadian Dispatch Corps train at a motorcycle centre in Canada; cross country riding on a minefield simulation course.

31.4 The Show Goes On. The Garrison Theatre plays host to an army show, featuring men in drag; the 1st Canadian Army show gives a performance on a ship (dancing women); tent stage construction; the show – a woman introduces “Unit E”, a fight song, the showgirls are “inspected” by their commanding officer, a can-can number; the players pack up in uniform.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 32

32.1 Empire Day at St. Paul’s. The representatives of the British Commonwealth attend a service at St. Paul’s Cathedral on May 24, 1944 for the Empire Day Movement; the Chelsea Pensioners Guard of Honour; General P.J. Montague leads Canadian Women’s Army Corps and soldiers into the church; the Dean of St. Paul’s, Dr. Matthews; the Archbishop of Canterbury and entourage; the Sheriff of London; procession in and out of the cathedral.

32.2 Universities at War. The campus of the University of British Columbia; co-ed classes are attended by people in the service; chemistry and engineering courses; battle course training; The Canadian Women’s Army Corps and servicemen on the parade grounds.

32.3 Delaney versus Mills. Al Delaney, a trooper with the Canadian Reconnaissance Regiment, fights Freddy Mills of the Royal Air Force at Albert Hall.

32.4 “The Maple Leaf”. The Maple Leaf newspaper office in Italy; a cartoonist; writers; editors; typesetting; printing; distribution.

32.5 Premier King Visits Armoured Troops. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King inspects a Canadian Armoured unit with High Commissioner Vincent Massey; Lieutenant General H.D.G. Crerar, Lieutenant General Stuart, and Major General P.J. Montague in attendance; a tank parade; Mackenzie King visits with General Montgomery.

32.6 Premiers Declare Unity. The five prime ministers of self-governing commonwealth nations meet at 10 Downing Street as part of the United Kingdom Commonwealth Conference; they sign a document; Prime Minister Winston Churchill presides over the signing; the six principles of the agreement are read (voice-over).

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 33

33.1 Crusade for Liberation! D-Day preparations in England; story of the Normandy invasion; ships are loaded with men and equipment; Tuesday June 6th – move to the target; the invasion begins at sea; landing craft move to the beaches of Bernières-Sur-Mer; landing by Canadians and the consolidation of their positions; equipment is unloaded; German prisoners start to come in; buildings damaged by German artillery; troops moving up; dinner around a fire; fraternizing with French girls; the medical corps at work; prisoners are sent to England; casualties being loaded on ships for the trip back to England; General Bernard Montgomery with the troops and giving a news conference.

33.2 Canadians Smash Hitler Line. The 8th Army joins the 5th Army at Liri River Valley to attack the Hitler line; moving forward with tanks, equipment and on foot; wreckage caused by German artillery; prisoners from the Nazi Elite Corps, the 1st German Parachute Division and the 19th Panzer Grenadiers; soldiers walk through the ruins of Ceprano; move out on the roads.

33.3 On to Rome. Crowds of Romans cheer the Allies as they march into town; crowds at the Forum and in a square.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 34

34.1 The King Visits France. King George arrives in France on the Royal Cruiser escorted by a small group of ships ten days after the D-Day invasion; he is met by General Bernard Montgomery; at an investiture, he presents Major General R.F.L. Keller with the Silver Cross; the troops hail the King.

34.2 Planes Evacuate Wounded. Dakota planes move the wounded from France; Nursing Sister Ogilvy at work; the plane takes off.

34.3 The Queen Visits Canadian Casualties. Queen Elizabeth visits injured Canadian soldiers at a Canadian General Hospital in France.
34.4 Home Front Action Women rivet steel and perform other jobs to build supply ships.

34.5 Supply Line. A supply convoy at sea; cargo vessels move supplies to the beaches of Normandy; mail arrives in Italy; large supply storehouses in Italy; a field full of supplies.

34.6 Flashes from France. The Public Relations Department, housed in an old French chateau, is bombed; war correspondents flee the building. German prisoners are brought in by Canadian soldiers and are treated well; some prisoners have been beaten by French civilians. Engineers bulldoze a burning jeep on the road. Destruction in a small French town; rations are doled out; soldiers relax; they fix bikes; some learn to milk a cow; women mend uniforms; British soldiers and French civilians pay tribute to dead Canadian soldiers.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 35

35.1 Canadian Corps Sports Meet. Servicemen parade in sports clothing to begin a track and field day at Chesmonter Stadium; 100 yard dash; 1 mile event; 3 mile event; tug-of-war between the Cape Breton Highlanders and the Westminster Regiment; the crowd in the grandstand; the high jump; awards are presented.

35.2 C.W.A.C.s Arrive in Italy. In England, The Canadian Women’s Army Corps are inoculated, then pack their bags; at the docks; servicewomen on a ship; they disembark at a port in Italy; arrival at Canadian General Headquarters.

35.3 Italian Interlude. A rest camp in Italy; the Theatre Royal; men playing on the beach; the streets of Naples; the exterior of the Canadian Maple Leaf Club; soldiers on the sidewalks of Naples; a café.

35.4 Notes from Normandy. Engineers capture a German portable tea wagon and transform it into their own refreshment stand; soldiers enjoy a shower from a makeshift device in the field.

35.5 Graves at Cherbourg. Women from Cherbourg bring flowers to the graves of the Allies; the groundskeeper tends to the graveyard; German graves are left untended.

35.6 Objective – Carpiquet. Men plan strategy near some tanks; tanks roll through a town, on the roads to the starting point of the assault; a field communications centre; artillery attacks on the Carpiquet Airfield; smoke screens; Typhoon rockets are fired; machine gun fire; mortar fire; the infantry moves into the town; a carrier damaged by a direct hit; an enemy fighter plane is shot down, the pilot parachutes out of his plane and is captured by the Canadians; young German prisoners; empty shell cases are salvaged.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 36

36.1 Roman Holiday. A pipe band honours the opening of the Canada Club; men and women sit at a café; an Italian jive band plays and people dance; servicemen enter the Vatican to attend a religious ceremony; Royal 22nd Regiment parade in to have an audience with Pope Pius XII; the soldiers leave the Vatican.

36.2 Italian Front Inspection. Lieutenant General E.L.M. Burns inspects the Princess Patricia’s Light Infantry troops; Burns talks to the soldiers; a band plays and the soldiers parade; the Seaforths and the Loyal Edmontons.

36.3 Canadian Cricketers at Lords. At Lords Pavilion, the All Canadian Army Team plays Lords Eleven; Corporal H. Padmore, a Canadian originally from Barbados and experienced cricketer, pitches; spectators watch on.

36.4 Bastille Day. A French Canadian honour guard participates in a ceremony in a small French town; religious ceremony; speeches.

36.5 Caen. The buildings of the Carpiquet Airfield in ruins; a former German officers’ mess hall; the assault on Caen begins; a bulldozer in ruins; more ruins in the streets; French civilians return to what is left of their homes; Civil Affairs Office sign; food supplies brought into a bakery; ration line-ups; a soldier shares his rations; the Maple Leaf office sign is put up; Headquarters exterior with loudspeakers; a ceremony by the French Resistance; the flag of the Cross of Lorraine is unfurled.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 37

37.1 Major John Mahony, V.C. Major John Keefer Mahony with his companions in Melfa; the group in a mess tent for dinner; his New Westminster comrades pay him tribute for receiving the Victoria Cross.

37.2 C.W.A.C.s Visit Pompeii. The Canadian Women’s Army Corps take a tour of the ancient ruins of Pompeii.

37.3 Donkey Derby C.A.F.U. In Pierre-du-Montée, soldiers hold a race riding donkeys; betting booths; a donkey race over a battle course; photo finish by Canadian Army Film Unit; Private Olson wins the cup.

37.4 Monty Decorates Canadian Paratroops. Airborne and paratrooper groups attend an investiture in Normandy; Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery presents medals to Captain Griffin, Captain Hanson, Captain Keeper, Sergeant Harvey Morgan, Lance Corporal Russell Geddes, and Corporal Nobile.

37.5 Nursing Sisters Leave for France. Nurses are briefed before their departure in England; members of the Royal Canadian Army Nurses Corps carry large kit bags and march onto a ship; they wave goodbye as they leave to staff the first Canadian General Hospital in France.
37.6 Orne-Odon Offensive
Troops push from Caen; artillery fire; aircraft assault; allied warships
fire at the coast; a plane is downed in flames; mortar fire; infantry
marches across the river Orne; the Falaise Highway; tanks roll in;
armoured and infantry clean out the town; man with a wireless set; an
injured man is carried off by stretcher; German prisoners of war.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 38

38.1 First Canadian Army Attacks. Flashback – A Canadian Army formation goes into the field for the first time; Lieutenant General H.D.G. Crerar and staff prepare for the transfer of troops to the invasion force while on board a Canadian destroyer bound for France; a prayer service onboard the destroyer; General Montgomery at the Caen Hinge.

38.2 General Keller Inspects Brigade. A parade by elements of the 3rd Canadian Division at Normandy; Major General R.F.L. Keller inspects the men; Keller tells troops of the attack plans on a loudspeaker (no live sound).

38.3 Mobile Dental Clinic. A dental clinic pulls up to camp; a dentist sets up his office; a dentist pulls out a soldier’s tooth; the dentist makes an impression for a denture; dental workshop where the dentures are made; the patient eats hardtack with his new teeth.

38.4 Round Up. Meat rationing in Canada is suspended; cowboys stand around their camp; cowboys mount up; cattle round-up over plains, rocky ground, and water; cows are herded into railway cars; the train rolls out.

38.5 Flashes from France. The Royal Canadian Engineers build a prefabricated pontoon bridge on the Orne River; a tank is hauled across the water; a mini German-made radio-controlled Beetle tank that carries explosives. Salvage units collect shell casings into a large pile; men unload salvage equipment. The Windmill Theatre, situated inside a cave, provides a venue for the Canadian Army show; dancing women; invasion forces sit before a portable stage to watch a ballroom dancing number and a country dance number.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 39

39.1 Italy: The King Visits Canadians. King George and his entourage arrive at 1st Canadian Corps and are met by the 8th Army Commander Sir Henry Maitland Wilson; Major John Mahony is invested with his Victoria Cross for bravery in action during fighting at the Melfa River on May 25, 1944; the King inspects guns and gunners of the Royal Canadian Artillery; tanks and their crews are reviewed; inspects troops with high-ranking officers of the 8th Army and the 1st Canadian Army.

39.2 England: R.C.O.C. Stadium Dedicated. The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps Stadium is opened in England; boxer Tommy Farr, jockey Steve Donoghue and other sporting celebrities attend; Farr referees a fight between Gunner Harvey Batlan and Andy Ross, a former Golden Gloves champ. Boxing card with Al McGinty and Tommy Roberts featured, among others.

39.3 France: Falaise Falls to 1st Canadian Army. Tank crews at rest, making repairs; aerial reconnai.ssance takes off; aerial views of fields, a town in ruins; briefings in the field; armoured vehicles readied and roll out on the Falaise Highway; Canadians cut the German escape route; artillery fire; German prisoners from the 89th Division start to pour in; an American Liberator plane crashes in an open field with its crew parachuting to safety; other planes fly over; Typhoon bombers flying by; prisoners; infantry attempt to get by snipers in the town; tanks firing into a town; street fighting; ruins; injured man has his wounds dressed; the Falaise Pocket is taken by the Allies. Canadian troops captured Falaise on August 18, 1944.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 40

40.1 Churchill Greets Canadians in Italy. Winston Churchill, sporting a pith helmet, gives a speech to the Canadian troops of the 8th Army where he predicts the end of the war; soldiers give him three cheers.

40.2 Canadians Entertain French Kiddies. Children in Normandy attend a party; music; “Sapper” Bédard plays a clown; treats for the children.

40.3 Prisoners Pour from Falaise Gap. The remaining members of the German 7th Army are captured by Canadians patrolling the streets of Falaise; Russian ex-slaves tell the Canadians where to find resisting Germans; prisoners surrender; Private E.A. McCallister who captured 150 men by himself; prisoners massed in a concentration area where they are documented; a 13-year-old Ukrainian boy; a German doctor; the prisoners are fed; truck loads of prisoners.

40.4 Flashes from France. The Foreign Secretary of Britain, Captain Anthony Eden, meets General H.D.G. Crerar at Army Headquarters; Crerar and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands inspect the guard of honour. The first contingent of Canadian Women’s Army Corps arrive in France; women with equipment. Soldiers from the Army Fire Service extinguish a burning truck. A dummy German tank made out of wood and farm carts fool reconnaissance. Flamethrowers demonstration; Wasp units on standard tanks shoot flames.

40.5 Post-War Homes for Canada’s Warriors. A crew builds a bungalow in eight hours in Vancouver; Mr. and Mrs. Keileig come home from the day at the factory to their new home.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 41

41.1 C.W.A.C. Cadets Graduate. The Canadian Women’s Army Corps Graduation day at No.2 Auxiliary Territorial Service; Officer Cadet Training Unit in England.

41.2 The Road to Rouen. The 1st Canadian Army moves to the Seine in pursuit of the German army; French people wave at the troops; French civilian collaborators; civilians move back into their towns and take possession of German belongings left behind; dead horses and overturned carts; dead Germans; ruined equipment from aerial bombing; wrecked bridges; pontoon bridges float tanks across the river; a pontoon bridge on the Seine at Elbeuf; Rouen is invaded by light Bren carriers and the infantry.

41.3 Buzz Bomb Blitzed. A June 15, 1944 flying bomb attack on London; demolition squads of the Royal Canadian Engineers; equipment is issued; mobile canteens; work proceeds; a flying bomb in a silo; ack-ack used to explode them in the air; aerial footage; bomber command drops bombs on France where the launching bases are located; Peenemunde area where the bomb launching sites are; ruins of the base; bombs around the site; concrete houses with a storehouse of British maps; a firing mechanism.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 42

42.1 Quebec Conference. Winston Churchill, William Lyon Mackenzie King and Franklin Delano Roosevelt arrive in limousines at the Chateau Frontenac; they leave; Mrs. Clementine Churchill and Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt are taken on a tour of a military base. The meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill and Mackenzie King took place in Quebec City between September 10 and 16, 1944.

42.2 Gothic Line, Italy. Shelling at the Gothic Line; General C. Vokes and General E.L.M. Burns plan their next move; the move to Rimini; tanks roll forward; Canadian Infantry marches on narrow roads; Italian refugees return home.

42.3 General Vanier, Ambassador to France. Major General Georges P. Vanier places a wreath on the grave of the Unknown Soldier in Paris; Ontario Premier Colonel George Drew, Canadian Military Staff chief in Paris Colonel McQueen and the Canadian secretary in Paris Mr. Saul Ray attend.

42.4 G.O.C. Visits Historic Sights of Last War. A statue of Napoleon in Rouen; Lieutenant General H.D.G. Crerar makes a presentation; a Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Branch honour guard is inspected by Crerar and the Mayor of Rouen Mr. Montier; the mayor with a plaque; Crerar at a Vimy Ridge memorial with the caretaker of the monument.

42.5 Into Belgium. A parade features a large model of the Giant of Ypres among the crowds; Montreuil is overrun; ruins of Montreuil; a large canon; in Nieuwpoort, Belgians repair bridges for armoured vehicles to cross; signalmen at work; a church ceremony; children ask soldiers for autographs, large crowds in a town square; soldiers play with children.

42.6 Dieppe. Footage taken by Germans in 1942 at Dieppe shows dead Allied soldiers on the beach and prisoners of war; the 2nd Canadian Division parades through Dieppe preceded by a pipe band in 1944, with General H.D.G. Crerar taking the salute; included in the parade are the Essex Scottish, the Royal Regiment of Canada; the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, the Cameron Highlanders, the South Saskatchewan Regiment, the Fusiliers of Montreal, the Black Watch, the Calgary Highlanders, the Regiment Maisonneuve and the Toronto Scottish; the World War One cenotaph; people visit the new graves; Crerar reads an address at a ceremony; flowers for the graves. Canadian troops captured Dieppe on September 1, 1944.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 43

43.1 Fighting Men Buy Victory Bonds. The 7th Victory Loan; a dispatch brings documents for a Victory Loan organizer; soldiers sign up; Captain William Grayson, signs up while in hospital; Sergeant Stollery of the Canadian Army Film Unit buys one while recovering in bed.

43.2 Cardinal Villeneuve Arrives in England. At an airport in the United Kingdom, Major General P.J. Montague, Air Chief Marshal Sir Frederick Bowhill, and dignitaries of the church welcome Cardinal Rodrigue Villeneuve; Roman Catholic servicemen and servicewomen gather at Westminster Cathedral for a special service; the Cardinal arrives.

43.3 Workers Visit Army. The United Automobile Workers Union members from Windsor and Oshawa visit Camp Borden; they look at the tanks they built; they are taken for a ride; a gunnery demonstration; dinner time, army style; a tour of the training camp; they ride in a personnel carrier; General F.F. Worthington, the camp commandant.

43.4 Battlefield Baptisms. Protestant servicemen are baptised outdoors in a lake in the Piedmont area in Italy.

43.5 Target Boulogne. The Canadian Army uses 15-inch guns; the large shells are loaded and fired; bomber attacks on Boulogne; explosions; prisoners are marched by; the French villagers return; a soldier gives cigarettes to women; Lieutenant General Ferdinand Hein gives himself up to Brigadier John Meredith Rockingham.

43.6 Cross Channel Menaces Removed. German fortifications are discovered behind false-fronted buildings at captured ports along the French coastline; Canadian soldiers receive ex-German guns at the Nieuwpoort Beach Garrison; camouflaged gun
sites; a mysterious German blockhouse is overrun.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 44

44.1 Canada Welcomes U.N.R.R.A. The delegates to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration gather in Montreal in September 1944; Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King opens the meeting (actuality sound); the Honourable Herbert Lehman, the director general of U.N.R.R.A. pays tribute to Canada (actuality).

44.2 Rimini Housecleaning. Soldiers are moved to Rimini by transport; bulldozers push the ruins from the streets; a Greek infantry brigade; Italian women with soldiers.

44.3 Embarking Troops Invest in Victory. Men of a United Kingdom reinforcement unit buy Victory bonds before they march off.

44.4 Please Deliver One Airfield. The Royal Canadian Engineers survey land in France to begin the construction of a new airfield; German mines are removed; trees are knocked down; graders level the land; drainage tunnels are dug; drainage pipe is laid; a building is demolished; stone from the ruins is used to cover the runway; a prefabricated runway surface is unrolled on top of the stones; an aerial view of the runway; a plane lands.

44.5 Calais Cleared. French civilians are evacuated from Calais in a temporary truce; the French file out on foot and in trucks; the 1st Canadian Army attack the fort at Cap Gris Nez in September 1944; planes drop bombs on Calais; the wreckage in the streets; fire engines; flooded land; Cap Gris Nez Garrison; cross-channel guns are disabled.

44.6 The Road to the Reich. Transport vehicles move over muddy roads on their way to Antwerp; artillery attacks a water tower; flamethrowers shoot across the Leopold Canal near Eeklo; a gun with a camera on its barrel shoots; views of Antwerp.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 45

45.1 Colonel J.L. Ralston Tours Battlefronts. Vincent Massey, General P.J. Montague, General Kenneth Stuart and public relations officers greet Defence Minister James L. Ralston in an English airfield; in Belgium, Ralston chats with wounded soldiers at the Canadian General Hospital; Commanding Officer Colonel Hume and Principal Matron Major M.M. McLaren see the General off; Ralston inspects troops in Belgium.

45.2 The King Honours Front Line Canadians. King George is greeted by Lieutenant Guy Simonds at a Belgian airfield; ceremony on a parade square; Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery attends; General Simonds and Major General D.C. Spry, Brigadier H.P.E. Lang, Brigadier J.A.W. Bennett, Brigadier C. Fenwick, Brigadier W.G. Rope, Brigadier J.T. Sprague receive awards; Montgomery congratulates them; inspection of the guard of honour; Prince Charles, the regent of Belgium, in attendance.

45.3 Pulp Logging.
High-power chain saws are used to fell huge trees on the Pacific Coast of Canada; the trees are pulled out of the forest and placed on trucks; the logs are dumped into the water and poled into place; tug boats push the log rafts to the mill; the logs move by conveyor to the mill; they are stripped and made into boards and newsprint.

45.4 Italy – Onward from Rimini. Light tanks and vehicles gather near Rimini and move across a valley; gunfire; a flooded river; a motorcycle moves through heavy mud; a tank is towed out of the mud; the ruins of a village; destroyed German guns; Italians examine German equipment left behind.

45.5 Belgium – Closing the Scheldt Pocket. Troop trucks move across the canal; citizens wave at them; destroyed enemy armoured transport abandoned in the retreat; pontoon bridge construction; smoke screens created by British Pioneer Corps; flooded areas; Typhoon plane attacks the enemy by dive bombing the area with machine guns after dropping its payload; troops advance to the Dutch frontier; crowds wave at the soldiers.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 46

46.1 Victory Loan over the Top. The Victory Loan far surpasses its target goal; Victory Loan signs along the road; soldiers sign up; people in the hospital sign up; members of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps sign up; a registration station in Italy; Victoria Cross winners Major John Mahony and Major Paul Triquet both buy a bond; a pipe band.

46.2 “Meet Canada” Exhibition Opens. Canada’s High Commissioner Vincent Massey and Sir William Darling, the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, give opening addresses; soldiers in Edinburgh, Scotland look at the exhibit; the Royal Canadian Navy Honour Guard.

46.3 Flying Hospitals Service Wounded. Douglas Dakota planes bring a shipment of blood; ambulance trucks take the supplies; wounded men are transferred to the plane; they are treated onboard; a Red Cross Ambulance convoy meets them in England and takes them away.

46.4 Italian Refugees Rehabilitated. Italian peasants clean up their town; they receive goods in transport trucks and are brought to a central transit centre; people receive food; Red Cross workers give out clothing, shoes, and medical treatment; The Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories interviews refugees to place them; the British Engineers’ Civil Labour Offices; women doing laundry; men build a railway.

46.5 Scheldt-Mouth Housecleaning. Advances are made on the Dutch mainland; assault success at Breskens; the town in ruins; transport vehicles roll down the road; a windmill; the Dutch people start to rebuild; children play in the streets; armoured scout cars; shelling on the south bank; amphibious attack in the peninsula; American-made Alligator amphibious vehicles cross to the north bank.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 47

47.1 Field Marshal Montgomery Decorates Canadians. Ninety Canadians are decorated by Bernard Montgomery in Belgium, including Lieutenant Colonel Roberts, Lieutenant Colonel McTavy, Lieutenant Colonel M.M.B. Gordon, Major B.O. Walsh, Major W.D. Brooks, Captain J.S. Woodward, Honorary Captain Jameson, C.S.M. Howe, Lance Sergeant Bartalocci, Lance Corporal Moss, and Private H.L. Fraser.

47.2 Personalities in the News. The Premier of Poland decorates Lieutenant General H.D.G. Crerar in London. Baron Robert Silvercruys, the Belgian Ambassador to Canada, returns to Brussels for a visit. Cardinal Rodrigue Villeneuve is met by army and air force padres in Brussels. Padres have a conference at the 1st Canadian Army quarters in Brussels. Major General Luton, the director of medical services, inspects 1st Canadian Corps medical facilities in Italy.

47.3 Adriatic Rest Camp. Men relax at a rest camp behind the lines in Italy; the camp lounge; a Bandoliers concert party with soldiers performing in uniform, two men doing a drag ballet dance, a man in drag singing, and an “Indian” dance number.

47.4 News Highlights. Canadian firefighters parade in a farewell revue in Trafalgar Square in London; Canada’s Vincent Massey and Britain’s Herbert Morrison take the salute; the National Fire Service band. A Brussels mansion is discovered to be a German map library; map kits for German soldiers. Aerial shot of the flooded Scheldt Estuary.

47.5 Walcheren. Ships at sea on their way to the Scheldt Estuary are escorted by Bomber Command; the south bank of the Scheldt near the port of Breskens; 1st Canadian Army troops move out; casualties are carried to a truck; supplies on the move; 240mm super heavy guns fire; landing craft move forward.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 48

48.1 Conscription for Overseas Service. Colonel James Layton Ralston resigns as Minister of Defence on November 1, 1944 after his overseas visit; his successor, General Andrew McNaughton, speaks of his new position as Defence Minister; newspaper headlines declare enforcement of conscription.

48.2 O.C.T.U. Graduation in England. Major General Percival J. Montague presides over officer cadets of the Royal Military College Officer Cadet Training Unit graduation. He inspects the British, New Zealand and Canadian cadets; parade; a New Zealander receives the Sam Brown belt for his outstanding performance.

48.3 Turkeys for Xmas. Turkey farmers and their flocks in Canada. Prepare to ship turkeys overseas for the troops at Christmas.

48.4 Lancasters Sink Tirpitz. Twenty-nine RAF Bomber Command Lancasters fly to Tromsofiord to attack the German battleship Tirpitz on November 12, 1944; battle scenes from the air; the ship sinks.

48.5 Ghent Furlough. D-Day invasion troops spend the day visiting the marketplace of the Belgian town of Ghent.

48.6 Objective Cesena. The Adriatic Front in Northern Italy; tanks on the roads; the infantry at work; signallers; flame-throwing Churchill tanks; Cesena mortar duel; advancing through “dragon’s teeth”; oil tank fire; troops move through Cesena in ruins; some men “capture” a pig.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 49

49.1 Army’s Newsreel Goes Weekly. Canadian Army Newsreel cameramen at work, filming the action; shipping the film along with written descriptions of the contents; aircraft takes film to the Film and Photo Unit in England; film library; editing and censoring the footage; sound editing; the commentator at work; copies are made and shipped to soldiers; spectators view the newsreel.

49.2 Czechs Keep Lid on Dunkirk. On the Channel coast, Czech soldiers under Canadian command fire mortars at Dunkirk, one of the last pockets of German resistance.

49.3 Forestry Corps in Belgium. The Canadian Forestry Corps moves from England to Europe; trucks on boats; set up a Belgian camp; chopping firewood; sawing down large trees; heavy equipment; at the sawmill, the lumber is squared and stacked.

49.4 Snowmobiles for Winter Ops. Snow shoed jeeps practice in winter conditions in Canada; snowmobile tanks in a field.

49.5 Taxi Soldier? Recreation-bound soldiers board the “Nickel Cab Bus Line” in Italy, which consists of a series of transport trucks.

49.6 Major David Currie, V.C. Major David Currie, recipient of a Victoria Cross, is congratulated by General H.D.G. Crerar.

49.7 Canadians on German Soil. German territory is occupied by Canadian soldiers; tanks; a Canadian guard sits at a tipped-over border shack; soldiers enter the abandoned home of Frau Shuster, Hermann Goering’s aunt.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 50

50.1 Antwerp Harbour Opens. A Canadian built Victory ship is the first supply ship to arrive at the Antwerp port; Admiral Ramsay and other dignitaries meet the Fort Cataraqui and its captain; supplies are unloaded.

50.2 Breda Night Club. Soldiers dance with Dutch girls to band music.

50.3 Giant Bailey Bridge. In Holland, Canadian engineers replace old bridges with new prefabricated ones; army traffic moves across a new bridge.

50.4 Artillery Officers Sprout Wings. Gunner Officers of the Royal Canadian Artillery go to Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot school; ground training in simulators; Morse Code training; signaling; aircraft recognition class; an aerodynamics model; the men move out to the airfield to fly one engineer planes with an instructor; aerial shots; a solo flight.

50.5 Dominion Metal Output Soars. The Trail, B.C. smelter at its peek function; mining, smelting pouring molten metal into moulds; making metal sheets; electrolysis of metal sheets; ammonium nitrate is packaged; barrels are processed; shipping goods onto boats; cargo unloaded; amphibious with supplies; an ammo dump.

50.6 Eisenhower on Canadian Front. General Eisenhower tours the 1st Canadian Army; he arrives at the Headquarters of a Polish unit under Canadian command; Polish Officer Commanding Major General Maczek and General Crerar meet; Eisenhower talks to the troops; Canadian Bridging Company demonstrates the construction of a prefabricated Bailey bridge; inspection of flame-throwing carriers.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 51

51.1 War Brides Leave for Canada. English wives and children of Canadian servicemen board trains in England with the assistance of the British Red Cross to begin the first leg of their journey to Canada.

51.2 Home Leave for Johnny Canuck. Major General Christopher Vokes explains the system of leave to a crowd of the 1st Canadian Division in Italy; the march to the point of departure from Naples; in England, embarkation tickets handed out.

51.3 Field Troops Get Xmas Parcels. At a Belgium supply port, the 1st Canadian Army receives its Christmas mail; packages of goodies are opened; Provost Corps members get their mail.

51.4 Snow Comes to the Canadian Army. Winter on the western front; firewood is gathered in Holland; Hardtack the chicken, mascot to a field artillery battery; snowball fight near the guns; wash line in the snow.

51.5 C.W.A.C.s Fill St. Nick’s Bag. Members of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps sew toys from patterns in a lounge.

51.6 Xmas Party in Holland. December 5th Christmas party in Holland; Canadian cooks make treats for the children; St. Nick arrives in an army truck with the Black Peters; General H.D.G. Crerar arrives; a soldier feeds a child; St. Nick gives out presents; children open up packages of candy and toys; St. Nick and pals drive off.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 52

52.1 Water, Water Everywhere. Canadian sector in Holland is flooded; broken bridges; barges are loaded to move supplies across the Maas River. Weasel amphibious vehicles move through the water.

52.2 Armoured Div. Sigs Keep ‘Em Rolling. In Holland, the Armoured Division Signals Royal Canadian Corps of Signals; a forward tank commander sends a messenger to get a new wireless receiver; different communications procedures are shown (wire, dispatch rider); the technical maintenance centre sends a wireless; a machine is returned to the tank and is used.

52.3 Flashes from the Western Front. Major General Spry inspects a field artillery unit in Holland, looks at guns, and has an informal talk with the soldiers. Antwerp harbour supply ships unload trucks and supplies. Royal Canadian Signallers and Engineers lay submarine cable from a barge on the Waal River. An army jeep is rigged with a plasti-glass roof dome to keep out the cold. A captured German flame thrower is demonstrated; flame-throwing carriers in action.

52.4 Twins Confuse R.C.A.F. Royal Canadian Air Force, Bomber Command: The Sherlock Twins, Flight Lieutenants Alan and Eric from Simcoe, Ontario, on the airfield.

52.5 CDN WREN Joins R.N. Boat’s Crew. Women’s Royal Canadian Naval Service (W.R.C.N.S.): British Royal Navy women ferry personnel across a river; they maintain their ship; Stoker Molly, the only Canadian woman on a British crew.

52.6 Italian Front.
Holiday for a Canadian artillery unit; the “Skunk Hollow Handicap”
mule race is run, complete with betting standards; a turkey shoot,
winners carry off the fowl.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 53

53.1 1944 IN REVIEW.
Highlights of Historic Year for Canadian Army Overseas. It shows: Italy: the ruins of a church at Ortona, destruction, and a crippled man in the street. January, 1944: General Bernard Montgomery relinquishes command of the 8th Army and returns to England. The new commander, General Sir Oliver Leese, is met by Canadian Army Staff officers in Italy. Major Paul Triquet, Victoria Cross recipient, visits graves in a Canadian military cemetery. England: General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the newly-named Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force (S.H.A.E.F.) in the Western Theatre, holds a conference. General Andrew McNaughton says goodbye to the First Canadian Army. General H.D.G. Crerar arrives to assume command. April 1944: Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King arriving at airport in England for the Dominion Prime Minister’s conference and is met by Vincent Massey and General H.D.G. Crerar. Queen Elizabeth and Princess Elizabeth visit Canadian paratroopers, watch a demonstration mass drop by them and then review the paratroopers. May 1944: Dress rehearsals for invasion, with troops wading up on beaches as flail tanks clear the way. General Eisenhower addresses the 2nd Canadian Corps. King George inspects the 3rd Canadian Division. Italy: 1st Canadian Corps advance on the German line near Ceprano. England. June 6, 1944: Troops are readied and supplies are loaded for the assault; D-Day, shelling, beach landing, advance begins. Rome falls. Romans celebrate the liberation of the city. Large crowd in a square. Normandy: 1st Canadian Army battles near Caen, fighting at Carpiquet Airfield; move through the ruins of Caen. July 1944: King George visits Canadian troops in Italy and presents Major John Mahony with the Victoria Cross. In France: Allied troops open the second front on the coast of Normandy; classic footage of Allied and Canadian troops landing on French soil; elements of the 1st Canadian Army blasting Carpiquet Airfield, Caen; troops being acclaimed as they liberate the city; troops in battle for the Falaise Gap, July 1944; prisoners from the German 7th Army; Canadian reinforcements arrive via prefabricated Mulberry Harbour at Arromanches; General H.D.G. Crerar chats with Major David Currie, V.C., of the South Alberta Regiment; Canadian troops clean up Channel ports, liberate Rouen in August 1944 and crowd there greets the Canadians, Bruges and Boulogne; 2nd Division parade through Dieppe; ruins of flying bomb sites on Channel coast; and Boulogne being blasted from the air by Allied aircraft. Italy: The German line is attacked by artillery; Allies advance. Belgium: Crossing the border. 1st Canadian Army moves into the Antwerp area. In Holland: Canadian troops cross into Holland, clean
up the Scheldt Estuary and the Breskens Pocket, assault from landing amphibians on Walcheren Island; view of Antwerp; Ernest A. Smokey Smith of the Canadian Seaforth Highlanders, Victoria Cross winner, gets his picture taken by a C.W.A.C. photographer. Canadian tanks cross into Germany at Beek. Canadian flag is raised.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 54

54.1 Blighty Leave. Canadian soldiers board trains; they arrive at a port in Holland to go to England on leave.

54.2 Winter Sports on Western Front. Ice skating behind the lines; large crowds of civilians and some soldiers; children playing.

54.3 Souvenirs from Holland. Dutch shoemakers carve wooden shoes for souvenirs for Canadian soldiers.

54.4 Essex Scottish Concert Party. The Essex Scottish regiment gives a vaudeville-style show; comedy skit featuring a drunk; a list of battles is unveiled while pipers play.

54.5 Canada Sends Relief to Greece. Bags of wheat and other goods are unloaded at a port; the mayor of Saint John, New Brunswick presents a Greek flag to the Swedish ship captain of the Sworva at an Athens port.

54.6 Lamone River Action. 1st Canadian Corps at the Lamone River in Italy; on the highway to Venice; air attack; artillery pushes Germans back; 8th Army in the Po Valley; entering town.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 55

55.1 Holborn Receives Canadian Memorial. Holborn, a London borough, is given a memorial plaque and a parade by the Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps and the Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers on Canada Day in thanks for their hospitality; Mayor Wilfred Mullen, Right Honourable Vincent Massey, Canada’s High Commissioner to London, and Lieutenant General Montague, the Army Chief of Staff, are present at City Hall.

55.2 Conservative Leader Visits Troops. John Bracken, leader of the Canadian Conservative Party, visits a military hospital in England. He meets General H.D.G. Crerar on the Western Front.

55.3 Winterized Jeeps Keep ‘Em Warm. Army jeeps are shown being adapted with various alterations for winter use.

55.4 Holland Service Station. Mechanics at the Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers workshops in Holland are seen at work on army vehicles. Mechanics repair engines; a lathe; welding.

55.5 London Dons Snow Mantle. London streets covered by a light snowfall. Shows: streets; St. James Park; a snowball fight.

55.6 Canada-Russia Air Highway. Report on the chain of airports linking Canada with Russian allies. A pontoon plane takes off; mountain scenery; airport under construction; cargo is moved from Canada to Russia through a series of airports; cargo loaded at bases in Edmonton; Fort St. John and Watson Lake, B.C.; Whitehorse, Yukon; Fairbanks, Alaska; the U.S. Ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, inspects the R.C.A.F. base at Whitehorse.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 56

56.1 Leave Men Arrive in Canada. Soldiers disembark at an eastern Canadian port in time for Christmas 1944; the Legion and the Red Cross give them food and coffee at the dock; Montreal Military District No.4 band leads a group of soldiers to the trains; families greet the veterans; Toronto gets 22.5 inches of snow; snowploughs; soldiers shovel snow.

56.2 Ghent Presentation. 3rd Division receives the Ghent medal of honour; Flanders Castle ceremonial parade; pipe band leads the way to the Hotel de Ville near the Cathedral; Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa reviewed by the town Burgermeister Van der Steigen; Brigadier Todd presents 3rd Division colours.

56.3 Air Zoot-Suit Beats Blackouts. A new flying suit is tested in a centrifuge at Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) labs in Ottawa; soldier with electrodes on his head and body rides in the centrifuge twice, once without the suit where he passes out and once while wearing the suit, which allows him to withstand greater G-forces; the inventor, William R. Franks.

56.4 All Quiet on the Holland Front. At the Maas River, 1st Canadian Army near s’Hertogenbosch; winter cold; test shots on German position; reconnaissance units probe enemy positions; icebreakers; Royal Canadian Engineers clear ice from dock.

56.5 Canadians Drive to Senio River. Artillery fire; Munio Canal crossed; a dead German and equipment; Northern Italy; Bagnacavallo in ruins, having been captured on December 21, 1944; cathedral tower has lookout; maintenance of equipment; Mrs. Caposi, a local doctor.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 57

57.1 Maple Tree Welds Holborn and R.C.A.F. At London Royal Canadian Air Force Headquarters, Mayor Mullen of Holborn plants a maple tree donated by the mayor of Ottawa; band plays and a choir sings “O Canada” (actuality sound); the mayor speaks then shovels dirt on the tree.

57.2 Active Service Election Day. Returning officers perform their duties on the Western Front, gathering ballots from Albertans for the special election of three seats in the legislature to be held by military men; soldiers vote; ballots are sent to London; one of the candidates in Italy; in London, the votes are counted.

57.3 Ravenna Gas Station Fills ‘Em Up. The Red and Green Gas Station is operated in a town square by the Supply and Transport people; servicing a car; Colonel McQueen gets a fill-up.

57.4 Apennine Snow Storm. Canadian transport vehicles are snowed under in the Italian Apennines; soldiers dig out; bulldozer acts as a plough; more shovelling.

57.5 Canadians Attack San Alberto. In Northern Italy, armoured vehicles move to Reno River; 4.2 mortars set up and shot; Honey tanks at the front; German prisoners are marched by.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 58

58.1 Final Round Reinforcements Arrive. Reinforcements arrive at a northern port in the United Kingdom; battle training; exercise course; shooting range; a tank field.

58.2 Army Microbe Hunters Keep ‘Em Healthy. The 2nd Canadian Field Hygiene Section checks water supplies for 1st Division; water tests in the field; soldier adds chlorine; disinfecting the clothing and bedding of Italian civilians; disinfecting Italian civilians with a powder squirted into their clothing to prevent typhus.

58.3 International Hockey League MK II. Exhibition Game between a British Columbia team and Tilburg in the International Hockey League in Holland; tea is served after the game.

58.4 Holland Handicap. Dutch children are towed on sleighs over ice by Canadian servicemen in a race; soldiers cheer the racers on; prizes and chocolates are given to the children.

58.5 Flashes from Western Front. Airfield gliders in the snow, all in ruins; winter quarters in pup tents in the forest. Soldiers in white snowsuits; members of Régiment de la Chaudière sneak up and fire in reconnaissance action against snipers. A wall of tanks at the Maas River fire.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 59

59.1 Italian Partisans Aid Allies. 1st Canadian Corps is helped by Italians; Provost Corps look for Germans; civilians at checkpoint; they are briefed; an Italian woman with a machine gun; distribution of guns to civilians; a raid on a building.

59.2 Canadians Visit Gradara Castle. An Italian medieval castle is visited by soldiers; history of the castle; a torture chamber; a trap door; exterior views.

59.3 Western Front War Diary. The Grave-Nijmegen Road in good condition; Canadian road signs, including some joke signs. Bailey bridge maintenance by the Royal Canadian Engineers in icy waters; explosives are used to blow the ice clear. 25-pound shells are loaded with propaganda leaflets by Branch No.3 Public Relations; they are aimed and fired at German-occupied territory.

59.4 Counter Attack at Kapelsche Veer. An Ontario infantry unit launches an assault on Kapelsche Veer Island; soldiers in winter gear, canoes, gunfire; the invasion begins; a smoke screen blanket; mortars are fired; white-camouflaged tanks are operated; firing on factories; gunmen; flame-throwing tanks rain fire on slit trenches.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 60

60.1 “Inland Navy” Sails to Rhine. 1st Canadian Army in Nijmegen; transport ready to go; artillery guns fire; the infantry sets off; amphibious tanks move across flooded areas to their objective; soldiers march; smoke screens; General Bernard Montgomery and General H.D.G. Crerar; German towns in ruin; many German prisoners march by.

60.2 Ski Cadets Train in Canada. Royal Canadian Army Cadets in Grand-Mère, Québec; winter campaign training; armed troops wearing white snowsuits, on skis; the teenage cadets set up camp.

60.3 Flashes from Canada’s Fronts. Nijmegen: The Blue Diamond Hamburger Stand, a Royal Canadian Engineers and Canadian Catering Corps co-venture, opens for business; diner sign artwork. Tilburg: Major Yalmerson and Nurse Muriel Fumerton are married. Italy: An army church service is held near the front lines; the ruins of a church. Australia: Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers join Australian Army General and the Canadian High Commissioner.

60.4 Paris Leave. The Canada Club in Paris; soldiers in a nice hotel room; the reception desk; the gift shop; walking tour maps; tour sites (Eiffel Tower, Arc de Triomphe, bridges, Cathedral, etc.); lounge bar; leaving on transport trucks.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 61

61.1 V.C.’s Hold Reunion in B.C. Major Jack Mahony and Private Ernest A. Smokey Smith, neighbours and recipients of the Victoria Cross, meet in their hometown of New Westminster, B.C.; the Fraser River; having dinner (actuality sound conversation); the mayor meets them; they visit with and give autographs to students at their old school.

61.2 BLA Leave Men Enjoy Blighty. Canadian soldiers on leave arrive at an English port; a soldier telephones his wife, is welcomed home, gives gifts to his wife; two soldiers visit their “adoptive” English family; Canadian Service Club outing; Valentine’s Day Dance with 42 Company, Canadian Women’s Army Corps.

61.3 Personalities in the News. General Mark Clark, Commander of the 5th Army in Italy, with General Charles Foulkes, inspects forward positions near the Lamone River. Major General A. Ernest Walford, Adjutant General at National Defence Headquarters, inspects a transport depot and a hospital. Lieutenant General E.W. Sansom visits Canadian Armoured Corps Reinforcement Centre in England; inspection and a parade, informal gathering.

61.4 Mountain Outposts Serviced by Mule Trains. Supplies are moved by mule train up the Apennine Mountains; ammunition is unloaded and used by the soldiers on mountain positions.

61.5 Dunkirk Pounded by Canadian Artillery. Mud, supplies and shelling.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 62

62.1 Navy Show Takes London by Storm. Crowds gather to see a revue musical at the Hippodrome Theatre of London entitled “Meet the Navy”, a production of the Canadian Navy; present are the First Lord of the Admiralty and Deborah Kerr, who are interviewed by Gerry Wilmot, impresario Jack Hilton, Vincent Massey and Mrs. Massey, Noel Coward, Dame Laughton Matthews, critic Beverly Baxter, ex-film star Colonel Ben Lyons; the mayor of London gives an interview; dance routines; Commander Robertson, the commanding officer of the show; performers meet the audience.

62.2 Italian Ski Train. At the foot of the Apennines, ski patrols ready themselves with sleighs full of equipment; they leave in a transport truck; they start up the mountain; mortars are fired at the group; some soldiers return the fire; others continue up the mountain and deliver supplies and letters to a tank unit, then leave.

62.3 The Army Takes to the Ring. A boxing tournament is held at Uplands Training School in Ottawa, Ontario; Joe Lewis referees a fight between heavyweights Private Garcia (Army) and Sergeant R. Jones (R.C.A.F.); the Uplands C.E.O. gives the winner his prize; the Divisional Boxing Finals are held with bouts between light heavyweights Sergeant Nicolo and Private Andrew, and middleweights Sergeant Neiberg and Trooper Wagner.

62.4 Canadians Decorated on German Soil. The first investitures on German soil are presented by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery and General H.D.G. Crerar by the Reichswald forest.

62.5 Siegfried Snapshots. Ruins of a base at Cleve, Germany; the rubble of a cathedral is used by the Royal Canadian Engineers to make roads. The construction of a corduroy road out of wood poles over muddy terrain. Supplies are transferred from trucks to amphibious tanks. German civilians pass by.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 63

63.1 P.M. Gives Germany the O.O. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gives the Canadian area in Germany the “once over”, accompanied by General G.G. Simonds; he sees guns and tanks; the Highland Division pipe band.

63.2 Canadians Visit World’s Smallest Republic. A history of San Marino is given; servicemen and servicewomen go on tour; two captain regents enter the regent’s palace; an abandoned German gun; atop an observation tower.

63.3 News Panorama. Rimini: Italian boys become “human mascots” for Canadian troops; John Simocelli with the Westminster Regiment, and Gino Briellia with his regiment. Nijmegen: Costumed Dutch people collect goods from other civilians and Canadian soldiers to send to their stricken countrymen. Toronto: Chicago Blackhawks play the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens.

63.4 Mapping Paths to Victory. Servicemen in Army Air Survey Wing learn the skills of cartography; surveying the field.

63.5 Canucks Host Uncle Joe’s Generals. The Canadian front is visited by a delegation of Russian officers including Major General Ivan Susloparov. General H.D.G. Crerar and the guests look at machine guns and amphibious vehicles.

63.6 Rhine Offensive. Self-propelled gun attack; British and Canadian troops at Calcar, Germany; the populace attempts to greet them but are crowded into the town square; German ammunition dump on fire; more offensive action; German paratrooper prisoners.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 64

64.1 Xanten-Wesel Bulge Deflated. The 1st Canadian Army advances to Xanten; Sonsbeck in ruins; mess time for soldiers and washing up; armoured vehicles and marching soldiers over muddy roads; the last shots of a camera (an aerial view of the Rhine) as the plane in which it is placed is shot down.

64.2 This Weekes War. Sergeant Lew Weekes of the Canadian Film and Photo Unit makes a cartoon for the Maple Leaf newspaper; examples of his work.

64.3 Spot News Highlights. England: Members of Canadian Women’s Army Corps are given a wedding dress by an anonymous Canadian donor; a servicewoman models it for her friends. Italy: Canadians of the 8th Army arts and crafts; a miniature gun, rings, a little steam engine, a knife, and plaques are made and displayed by soldiers. Canada: Tires are made for military vehicles on an assembly line.

64.4 Mont Gabriel Ski Race. Slalom course on Scott’s Slip in the Laurentians; Fernand Lessard wins.

64.5 1st Canadian Army Boxing Championships. Nijmegen, Holland; Welterweights Corporal Samuels vs. “Sapper” O’Brien; middleweights Sergeant Neiberg vs. Driver Fletcher; light heavyweights Sergeant Naquilo and Lance Corporal Gilderoy; awards presentation.

64.6 Rocket Projectors Blast the Bosch. A rocket projector test; loading and firing.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 65

65.1 Investitures at Buckingham Palace. Soldiers leave Buckingham Palace; wife and her serviceman husband reunited; The Canadian Women’s Army Corps.

65.2 P.E. Islanders Register for Family Allowances. Charlottetown mailroom where forms are processed; letter carrier delivers the form; a mother fills it out; children eating; forms are returned.

65.3 Belgian Tots Leave for Swiss Haven. Schaerbeek Station, Brussels; the Red Cross helps children onto trains for a vacation from the war.

65.4 Ice Follies of 1945. Servicemen on leave attend an ice show at the Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto; featured are Phyllis Legg the stilt skater and her husband, clowns, Bobby Blake, Evelyn Chandler, a chorus number, ballroom dancers Hazel Franklin and Barry Green, and Mae Ross.

65.5 A.F.V.s Get Spring Cleaning. Armoured Fighting Vehicles; the 1st Canadian Army makes repairs to tanks and trucks.

65.6 War Artists Record History. Captain Campbell Tinning sketches Italian ruins; Lieutenant MacDonald sketches a portrait; Lieutenant Alex Colville with the 8th Army in the Western Front; Lieutenant Bruno Bobak with the No.2 Canadian Field Army Historical Section at the front line; Captain George Pepper at a German cemetery, sketching ruins; sketches are shipped to London; an artist makes a final painting; a London gallery presents works by Canada’s war artists.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 66

66.1 Royalty Visits Canadian Hospitals. Queen Elizabeth visits wounded soldiers in their beds in England; Princess Marina of Greece, the Duchess of Kent, visits men wounded on the western front at an English hospital.

66.2 General Crerar Thanks Air Forces. Crerar dictates a letter for Air Vice Marshal E.C. Hudleston of the Royal Air Force, to a secretary (actuality sound).

66.3 Ottawa - Boxing Celebrities Referee Bouts. Arthur Donovan, a famous fight referee, watches over a bout between Corporal Chartrand and Seaman Cunningham at an Ottawa Inter Service Athletics Council event; two little children, Mayo Basket and Molly Edwards, duke it out; Dave Costell, the Canadian welterweight champ, referees a fight between Patsy Dupont and O. Sanvido; trophies are handed out.

66.4 Hockey Finals in U.K. League. The 1st Canadian Army Service Corps Reinforcement Unit plays the Canadian Bases Workshops in the Canadian Army Overseas Championship final at the Brighton Arena; professional players on hand include Robert George “Red” Hamill of the Detroit Red Wings and Émile Paul “Polly” Drouin of the Montréal Canadians.

66.5 Prize Posters for 8th Victory Loan. Corporal Dennison, 3rd prize winner, in Holland; Corporal Adamson, 1st prize winner; Private Boyd, 2nd place winner; posters are photographed to be printed.

66.6 Field Troops Get Red Cross Issue. Clothing from the Red Cross arrives at No.5 Auxiliary Services Section in Germany; soldiers open up crates of woollens.

66.7 C.F.C. and R.C.E. Speed Rhine Crossings. The Canadian Forestry Corps at work in western Germany; mill in operation; lumber yard; Royal Canadian Engineers assemble prefabricated barges to move the lumber.

66.8 P.B.I. Views Armoured Circus. Poor Bloody Infantry (PBI) visits the armoured corps line to see an “armoured circus”; Sherman flail tanks clear mines; a Petard demolition tank; Churchill crocodile flame-throwing tanks.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 67

67.1 Canada Gets a New Voice. The CBC’s new short wave transmitter at Sackville, New Brunswick, beams programs to Europe; tour of transmitting station; CBC Montreal studios; Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King opens the new service; soldiers listen in; mobile army communications stations; soldiers and civilians gather around the radio to listen to music.

67.2 Baby Flat-Tops Protect Convoys. At a Canadian port, merchant ships are turned into aircraft carriers; a plane lands and the crew runs out to fold up its wings; British flyers; a man in an asbestos suit.

67.3 Highlights in the Week’s News. Jewish troops have an outdoor ceremony in German soil, lead by Padre Samuel Kant. Members of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps depart on Dakota plane for leave in England. Air Commodore Russell of the Royal Air Force presides over the graduation of artillery officers as pilots.

67.4 Signs of Victory. Sign painters make advertisements for the 8th Victory Loan in the Reichswald Forest area of Germany.

67.5 Rhine Crossing. Soldiers of The Highland Light Infantry move equipment across the Rhine on amphibious tanks; the 1st Canadian Parachute Regiment fly to Germany and jump, joining U.S. and British forces; a medic at work; planes land in the field; fighting; dead Germans and prisoners; the Royal Scots and the paratroopers greet one another.

67.6 Emmerich. A pontoon bridge over the Rhine; tank barrage; the 3rd Canadian Division enters Emmerich; prisoners; Coesfeld Railway Station in ruins.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 68

68.1 Services Commemorate Vimy Day. The Canadian Ex-Servicemen’s Association of Great Britain observes the 28th anniversary battle of Vimy Ridge in Epsom, Surrey, England; Major General Weeks views pipers and parade; Epsom Cenotaph; Veterans’ Guard of Canada honour guard; march past Vimy Ridge, the tomb of an unknown soldier.

68.2 Canadian Officers Get Polish Medals. General Holler of the Polish Army gives medals to Captain Pierre Sevigny and Lieutenant Guy Louis Caron; Lieutenant Colonel Paul Triquet, V.C. congratulates them.

68.3 Canadian Scottish Sports Day. The Canadian Scottish Regiment has the first sports meet on German soil; sack race, three-legged race, high jump, tug of war; soldiers at the canteen.

68.4 Kenora Snow Carnival. The North Western Ontario Outfitters Convention and Snow Carnival; the mayor and the president of the convention; costumed people re-enact life in the “roaring 90s”; log chopping contest; ladies skate; Miss Pat Odum, carnival queen, is crowned by the Honourable George Dunbar.

68.5 Mont Tremblant Ski Race. Miriam Szodcheck, winner of the men’s senior division, runs the course; Rhoda Werkle wins the women’s downhill; people skiing. 68.6 General Crerar Inaugurates 8th Victory Loan Crerar buys a bond in Northern Holland; members of the 1st Canadian Army follow suit.

68.7 Drive to Free Northern Holland. Armoured vehicles of the 4th Canadian Division move on from Cleve area in a drive for the North Sea; road repairs; a concentration camp in Bathorn, Germany; servicemen-internees from France, Yugoslavia and Poland are released; Neuenhaus captured with its railway intact; 5.5 artillery in action south of Arnhem; shelling; Canadians face resistance at Zutphen; civilian casualties wounded by German sniper on stretchers.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 69

69.1 Reverent Tributes Accorded Roosevelt. Memorial at London’s St. Paul Cathedral for Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who died on April 12, 1945; the mayor of London, General P.J. Montague and General Weeks; foreign royalty; Winston Churchill; Princess Julia, Queen of the Netherlands; King George and Queen Elizabeth; crowds gather outside the cathedral.

69.2 College Courses for Vets. Dr. Cyril James, principle; and Dean Cyrus MacMillan at McGill University greet veterans arriving to take courses; engineering courses. 69.3 Rolling Stock Recovered by R.C.E.M.E. The Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers tippedover tanks are recovered; a tank “parking lot”; damaged equipment; detonating live armaments; a jeep engine is stripped by engineers.

69.4 Airborne Action. 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion, 6th Airborne in Germany; cooking; moving on through town;. British tanks; prisoners.

69.5 Stalag VI C. 4th Canadian Armoured Division advances into a concentration camp in Germany; Russian prisoners re-enact their life at the camp; the ill and injured; corpses of emaciated Russian prisoners.

69.6 “Left of the Line” Advance. General H.D.G. Crerar, 4th Canadian Armoured Division crosses canal to Meppen, Germany; non-combatants arrest Germans; people with belongings; aggressive civilians are rounded up; people greet soldiers happily in Deventer, Holland; fire is extinguished; Ijssel River is crossed by amphibious tanks, rafts and a pontoon bridge; Canadian artillery and British army enters Arnhem.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 70

70.1 1st Canadian Corps Moves to Western Front. Train and soldiers of 1st Canadian Corps move from Italy to the western theatre; on ships at Leghorn, Italy; 1st and 5th Division Corps ship out; life aboard the ship; unloading at Marseille, France; disembarkation and equipment is unloaded; trains full of equipment, trucks roll up roads towards Holland; Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery greets the troops.

70.2 Canadian P.O.W.s Liberated. Former P.O.W.s relax in a camp; homecoming at a United Kingdom airport; resting with tea and reading; Bill Kinmond, war correspondent, is interviewed by a nurse about the camp conditions and the liberation.

70.3 R.C.A.F. Airmail Anniversary. Business as usual on the first anniversary of the Royal Canadian Air Force’s air delivery service; mail bags are loaded onto an aircraft at a Canadian airport; plane takes off.

70.4 Fun and Games at H.M.C.S. Naden. The easy life for service people at Esquimalt B.C.; women and a few men swimming; Women’s Royal Canadian Naval Service photographer Hazel Smith.

70.5 North Sea and Zuider Zee Reached by Canadian Drive. The 4th Canadian Division in Friesoythe, Germany; Cloppenburg airfield; prisoners and captured weapons; men of an Ontario infantry battalion and a western tank unit attack Dutch town of Groningen; 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade and 1st Canadian Division, meeting up for the first time, greet crowds of happy Dutch in Dieren, Zuider Zee; German prisoners of war in Apeldoorn; amour of the 5th Canadian Division races for the coast; scenes of liberation in Harderwijk, Holland.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 71

71.1 Yank Medals for Canucks. Brigadier General E. F. Koenig (U.S. Army) gives medals to members of a special U.S. – Canadian combined service force (First Special Service Force); Sergeant G.A. Rainville, Sergeant J. Knight, Sergeant D.F. Peterson, Sergeant T.G. (Tommy) Prince, Sergeant R.J. Scully, Sergeant W.J. Magee, Sergeant J. Barnett.

71.2 Holland Towns Celebrate Liberation. Crowds gather in the towns of Northern Holland; bands; soldiers are greeted; Old Dutch veterans on parade; the flag is raised over King William III’s palace; a proclamation; collaborators are rounded up; women who collaborated with the Nazis have their heads shaved in public.

71.3 Harrison Hot Springs Rest Centre. The 2nd Service Women’s Convalescent Home opens in Harrison Hot Springs; women on bicycles; rest activities; dinner time; music; games and swimmers; art; gardening; golf; horseback riding.

71.4 Farewell Little Norway. The Royal Norwegian Air Force Training Centre in Gravenhurst, Ontario is dismantled, ready to be moved back to a European site; flight simulators are placed in shipping crates; Princess Martha and Crown Prince Olav talk to dignitaries.

71.5 Meteor Section Aids Gunners. The Meteorological Section of The Royal Canadian Artillery makes observations to help guns make accurate hits; weather truck; a wind balloon is released and altitude measurements are taken; an anemometer; calculations of wind speed and direction.

71.6 Drive to Outflank Emden. Ack-ack fire; soldiers at the guns; 2nd Division Infantry moves to Oldenburg; prisoners of war; the Highland Light Infantry of Galt and Kitchener cross the Ems River in small boats and equipment-laden rafts run by the 16th and 20th Field Engineers; No.4 light ack-ack in use; a machine gunner.

71.7 Food for North Holland. Prince Bernhard and German staff at a conference to declare a truce to allow Red Cross relief into Holland; food trucks move to the line, cross the barrier; German Provost Corps help unload crates of food; Dutch people receive supplies.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 72

72.1 Victory in the West. Enemy Surrenders to Monty: At the 21st Army Group Advance Headquarters tent, field Marshal Bernard Montgomery accepts the unconditional surrender of General Admiral von Friedeburg and his comrades; Montgomery reads the proclamation (actuality sound); von Friedeburg signs it, followed by other German officers and Montgomery; the signed document; German servicemen in tanks and horse carts; German cablemen meet Canadian signallers to link communications cables together; at a conference, General Johannes Blaskowitz and staff receives direction from General Charles Foulkes and his staff; an equipment dump.

72.2 V.E. Day Celebrated. Huge crowds gather in London; British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes the announcement of the impending surrender (actuality sound) as the crowds listen; celebrations; the Royal Family, accompanied by Churchill, makes an appearance on the balcony of Buckingham palace; King George makes a speech (actuality sound); Dutch crowds rejoice; General H.D.G. Crerar gives a speech (actuality sound, no visuals of Crerar); the celebration continues in London all night.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 73

73.1 Canada Celebrates V.E. Day. Moncton: Crowds in the street. Montreal: A parade; service in Notre Dame Cathedral; Ottawa: Parliament Hill celebrations; veterans. Toronto: Crowds at the City Hall Cenotaph. Winnipeg: Crowds in the street. Vancouver: A parade and crowds.

73.2 Church Parades Commemorate Victory. Members of the Canadian Military Headquarters march to St. Martin’s in the Fields Church in London, England; 3rd Canadian Division parades in former German military barracks; Padre Major Forth gives an open air service; 3rd Division Roman Catholics have their own service; the Irish Fusiliers pipe band; 1st Canadian Headquarter troops near Hengelo, Holland attend a sermon with Chaplain Colonel Taylor and General H.D.G. Crerar.

73.3 Canadians Free Polish Women Warriors. Polish Army troops run their former prisoner of war camp in Germany; the women supervise German civilians who now must work for them; training at the shooting range; exercising.

73.4 Dutch S.S. Clean Synagogues. Imprisoned Dutch Quislings at Nijkirk, Holland, are made to clean up what remains of the synagogue; the torah in a cabinet.

73.5 Farewell to the Guns. Gunners of an artillery regiment and 2nd Canadian Division clean up their equipment one last time before returning to ordnance; Major General A.B. Matthews takes the salute as troops move by.

73.6 Germans Disarmed. Germans soldiers organize a weapons and equipment depot; recaptured Allied tanks; a Canadian boarding party rides on a German mine sweeper to check on the surrender of ships at the Emden docks; a U-boat surrenders; Captain Sharp of the Bremen on the Europa, its sister ship; Mary of Arnhem, German radio propagandist; Arthur von Seyss-Inquart, the Chancellor of Austria, under arrest.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 74

74.1 Hollanders Hail Canucks. General H.D.G. Crerar and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands attend a Canadian military parade in The Hague.

74.2 U-Boats Surrender. The Royal Canadian Navy intercepts 15 U-boats off the coast of Norway, and escorts them to a northern Scottish port; life on the ship; German seamen on the U-boat.

74.3 School for Servicemen. Ex-servicemen practice carpentry and mechanics at the Ontario Training and Re-Establishment Institute; ex-servicewomen of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps are taught nutrition and infant care; men and women learn the trade of hair cutting and styling; a radio operation course for men and women; a chemistry class.

74.4 Lend Lease to Continue. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King signs the 4th Soviet Protocol, a document that will continue to supply shipments to the U.S.S.R.; Ray Atherton signs for the United States, the Right Honourable Malcolm MacDonald signs for England, and G.N. Zarubin signs for the U.S.S.R.

74.5 L.C.T.s Help Relieve Holland Famine. In Rotterdam, shipments arrive from England to the docks; food boxes unloaded from a ship.

74.6 5th Division Finale. The 5th Division is inspected by General H.D.G. Crerar and parade for the last time; a giant maple leaf with “V” in its centre carved into a vast field where the gathering is taking place; trucks and tanks roll by endlessly.

74.7 Oil Pipeline Security Lifted. An England-to-France oil pipeline, codename Pluto, is finally displayed; pipe is laid in the water; pipe is made in a factory and wound on a huge spool; overland extensions are laid shortly after D-Day in France; Canadian engineers help lay the overland pipes; British pumping stations are disguised as factories.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 75

75.1 D-Day Anniversary. A service on Normandy Beach by Canadian servicemen; flashback to 3rd Division’s landing at Bernières-sur-Mer on D-Day; the church steeple then and now; the city’s tribute in the town square; French veterans at the Bernières-sur-Mer Cemetery for Canadian soldiers.

75.2 C.M.H.Q. Blastwalls Blitzed. The walls that surround Canadian Military Headquarters in Trafalgar Square, London, are taken down by Royal Canadian Engineers; the left-over brick is collected; headquarters without its blastwalls.

75.3 R.C.N. Medicos Open Baby Clinic. The Royal Navy Strathcona Well Baby Clinic in Halifax; women and their young children; bearded sailors bring their tots in for a check-up; children playing at the nursery school.

75.4 Army Corrals Displaced Persons. Ex-slave workers and other displaced persons are dealt with by members of 4th Canadian Division Army Military Government Section at Kusten Canal, Germany; the civilians are deloused; Ukrainian people are brought to the camp; 3rd Canadian Division members sort people out; The Royal Canadian Army Service Corps brings people to vacant work camps which become their temporary homes; a Russian officer attached to the Canadian Section explains camp rules to his countrymen; German women are made to do clean up work at the camp; the ex-slaves rest in the sun; Canadian medical officers help out; the people in the camp sing and dance.

75.5 Major Tilston, V.C.
Frederick Albert Tilston of the Essex Scottish Regiment, recipient
of the Victoria Cross; he is interviewed by the CBC; a nurse lights
his cigarette; Tilston, in a wheelchair, is brought outside where other
patients visit with him. Tilston won the Victoria Cross for bravery in
action on March 1, 1945.

75.6 Zutphen’s Twin Bridges Opened.
Royal Canadian Engineers complete the construction of two giant
bailey bridges across the Ijssel River; General H.D.G. Crerar officially
opens the bridges, which are named “Harry” and “Crerar” in his
honour; Crerar drives over them; the crowd cheers.

75.7 Last Rotational Leave Men Canada-Bound.
At the Aldershot Repatriation Area, trains take soldiers and former
prisoners of war at the Southampton port; they board the Pasteur;
dignitaries and a band bid them farewell; men rest on board.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 76

76.1 Jerries Clear Mine Fields. The roads of the northern Dutch seacoast are cleared of mines by German engineers.

76.2 Ratzeburg Recce Roost. Men on leave at a resort on the shores of a German lake; they play sports, rest, fish and swim.

76.3 Holland Treasure Hunt. The Royal Canadian Engineers lend a hand and their mine detector to locate jewellery hidden for Jewish refugees by a Dutch couple in Groningen during the time of the occupation.

76.4 Memorial Service in Secret Cemetery. 1st Canadian Army Group, Royal Artillery and Padre William Hall conduct a memorial at a cemetery in Bergen, Holland, where the Dutch had secretly buried Canadian Air Servicemen killed in action.

76.5 Maple Leaf - London Edition. Dispatches arrive at the offices of the Maple Leaf newspaper in London; shots of the newsroom; typesetting; the editor and assistant editor at work; printing.

76.6 Seine Boat Trip. “Hospitality Jane”, a cruise ship, floats down the Seine on a tour for members of the service; snack time; the Eiffel Tower; Notre Dame Cathedral.

76.7 Canada Builds Super Forts. Men and women build a super fortress aircraft at a Boeing aircraft plant in Vancouver for the U.S. Army Air Corps; various parts of the plane under construction; a plane flies overhead; factory workers admire their work on an airfield.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 77

77.1 Dominion Election. Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.) Leader M.J. Coldwell speaks in Winnipeg; Progressive Conservative Leader John Bracken speaks in Brockville; Liberal Leader William Lyon Mackenzie King speaks in Ottawa; campaign headquarters in England; Canadian election officials go overseas; servicemen voting; members of The Canadian Women’s Army Corps voting; service men and women casting votes at army polling stations and by mail; mobile polls for those in the field; returning officers counting votes as the election results are read in voice-over; Bracken, Coldwell and Mackenzie King give actuality sound interviews into a CBC microphone.

77.2 Witley Ammo Dump Explodes. In Surrey, England, the ruins of a Canadian Armed Forces ammunition depot accident; disposal squad at work; camp workers clean up.

77.3 Meet “The Champ”. Jack Hayes milks his championship butter-producing cow named “Alcartra Gerben” on his farm outside of Calgary; a large group of people and government officials watch on.

77.4 Cambridge Leave Course. Trinity College, of England’s famous Cambridge University, opens its doors to Canadian servicemen for week long courses; outdoor scenes; classes for servicemen; tea time with the professors; a boating trip on the Cam River; college provosts say farewell.

77.5 Germans Return Home. Canadian Provost Corps supervises the departure of German soldiers from Holland; defeated German troops stream across Zuider Zee causeway on the long march home; Canadian Armed Forces troops examine baggage and confiscate articles looted during the occupation of Holland; women camp followers; German minesweeping boats carry troops from Enkhuizen, Holland; aerial shot of the parade of soldiers; life in the camp; the return to Germany.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 78

78.1 Pacific Commander Reaches Canada. Major General Bertram Meryl Hoffmeister, commander of the Canadian Army Pacific Force is welcomed by his wife and daughter at Rockcliffe Airport in Ottawa; Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and others greet him; Hoffmeister explains his new position during a CBC interview (actuality sound).

78.2 Baby Bonus Begins. The registration system for the family allowance program; mail rooms; letter carriers deliver forms; families fill out the forms and send them; children at play.

78.3 Airborne Lifeboat. Lifeboats are attached to the bottom of Air Sea Rescue Service planes of the Royal Canadian Air Force; a flying plane drops a boat, which floats down with parachutes to men in a demonstration exercise; men climb in from their dingy, hoist the sail and get the motor in working order.

78.4 King Invests Tilston. Beefeaters on parade outside of Buckingham Palace; veterans outside the palace; Major Frederick Tilston, V.C. is carried from a car into the Palace; recipients of the Victoria Cross pose in a group shot.

78.5 Highlights in the News. The Sherbrooke Fusiliers tank crew prepare to turn over their vehicle to ordnance, completing their journey which began on D-Day and ended in Germany. German Commander General Johannes Blaskowitz is arrested by the Canadian Army. Eight hundred high-ranking Nazi officers suspected of being war criminals are given prison uniforms to replace their military uniforms in Esterwegen, Germany. General Li Jen Sun, head of the Chinese Army, visits the 1st Canadian Army Division with General H.D.G. Crerar; they look at confiscated weapons including a tiny tank.

78.6 Canadian Navy Has New Queen. At a U.K. port, sailors toting kit bags board the Ontario, the new queen of the Canadian navy; Captain H. Grant takes command in the port of Belfast, Ireland before Rear Admiral Bevan and High Commissioner Vincent Massey; a guard of honour is inspected; the ship’s communication centre; the large kitchen facilities; hammock beds; the army dental clinic; sick bay; anti-aircraft guns; the anchor is weighed.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 79

79.1 Dominion Day in U.K. Canadians celebrate the 78th Dominion Day on July 1st, 1945; a church service for the Canadian Ex-Servicemen Association in Bramshott, England; the Canadian Branch of the British Legion hold a ceremony in Brookwood Cemetery; Vincent Massey opens an exhibit entitled “Meet Canada” in London; a memorial military parade to Westminster Abbey and Cathedral, with Massey taking the salute; The Canadian Women’s Army Corps; the Royal Family.

79.2 International Tennis. Wimbledon reopens with matches between British and U.S. Army servicemen; Flight Sergeant Pearson and Private Raper of Canada play Lieutenant Bobbit and Major Guernsey of the United States; the Dowager Queen Mary and the Duchess of Kent watch from their box; spectators view the game; Flight Sergeant Sidwell of Australia gets the only point for the British; the Duchess of Kent gives out prizes.

79.3 Canadian Equipment for Russia. Canadian factories make giant pieces of electrical equipment destined for Russia; men and women work on machinery; crates; the Eastern Car Company of Canada makes railway cars; a finished train.

79.4 Hollanders Greet Their Queen. Queen Wilhelmina and General H.D.G. Crerar at a Canadian military parade in Amsterdam; large civilian demonstrations and parades celebrate the Queen’s return; Hollanders see their beloved Queen for the first time in six years.

79.5 Fun ‘N Games. 5th Canadian Division sports meet in Groningen Stadium, Holland; running; shot put; high jump; broad jump. The Cilbride Stakes horse race in Maple Leaf Stadium in Hilversum, Holland, is won by Major Tom Willes aboard the Sheik, owned by the Canadian Scottish regiment; men in line up for refreshments; the Foulkes Stakes, a harness race is run; General H.D.G. Crerar gives out trophies to the winners.

79.6 Para Rescuers Train for Pacific. Volunteer air rescue training in Jasper Park simulates conditions in the Pacific theatre of operations; a parachutist catches himself in a tree, lowers himself down, and rescues an injured man; evacuation over ravines to a waiting plane.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 80

80.1 Repats Arrive in Canada. Repatriation drafts prepare to go home in Nijmegen, Holland; canteen; some soldiers and equipment are loaded onto a plane; plane lands in England; the rest of the soldiers board trains; they arrive at Gourock Port, Scotland; they board the Aquitania; arrival in Halifax; a band plays; reunions; 1st Canadian Paratroopers on parade; key to the city is given to the Commanding Officer.

80.2 St. Jean Baptiste Day. Floats and bands parade down Sherbrooke Street in Montreal; Mayor Camillien Houde; in Amersfoort, Holland St. Jean Baptiste Day is celebrated; the Régiment de la Chaudière take part in a parade; a bonfire and fire works.

80.3 Golf Champs Crowned. The 1945 Canadian Open Golf Championships at the Islesmere Golf Club in Montreal; Byron Nelson, Harold “Jug” McSpaden, Bob Burns; awards presentation.

80.4 C.W.A.C. Band on Tour. In Kitchener, Ontario, The Canadian Women’s Army Corps band gets ready to go on tour in Germany; Colonel Margaret Eaton; in England, Lady Astor gives a garden party in their honour; the band entertains the 11th Canadian General Hospital outdoors.

80.5 Woodbine Annual Classic. At the Woodbine race track in Toronto, The Lieutenant Governor of Ontario watches the King’s Plate; the race is run; Bobby Watson aboard Uttermost wins.

80.6 Entry into Berlin. The Autobahn near Brunswick, Germany; Canadian sector of the Allied Occupational Force takes over Russian positions; German sculpture and architecture in ruins; Canadian soldier with a handful of German medals; Canadian Army parade and inspection.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 81

81.1 Ostend Fêtes Manitoba Dragoons. The people of the Belgian town of Ostend celebrate their September 1944 liberation by the 12th Manitoba Dragoons; the town holds a memorial and the Dragoons parade.

81.2 Holland Playground. Troops take a break at the “Maroon Hunt Club” in Groningen, Holland; tennis; volleyball; the Lord Strathcona Cavalry go riding; sailing on the lake with local women; in Germany, 2nd Division Engineers have a regatta; a “crab race” in rubber rafts; diving; greasy pole contest; water jousting; rowing race on pontoon barges.

81.3 Highlights in the News. In Aldershot, England, the Civilian Concert Party, a group of entertainers, prepares for a concert. General H.D.G. Crerar presents new battle colours to the Royal Montreal Regiment in Amersfoort, Holland. In Wageningen, Lieutenant General Charles Foulkes, Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands and a crowd watch a ceremony around the placement of a plaque on the site of the surrender of German forces in Holland by Colonel General Johannes Blaskowitz to Foulkes.

81.4 Toronto Subway System Designed. On Yonge Street, designs for a new subway system are presented by engineers; exhibition of a model of the new rapid transit system.

81.5 “Meet the Navy” Tours Europe. The famed Royal Canadian Navy show plays in Paris; General Georges Vanier, Canadian ambassador to France, and Mrs. Vanier, American comedian Jack Benny, opera star Nino Martini attend; the cast tours the Bohemian sector, Sacré Coeur Cathedral, the Moulin Rouge, Notre Dame Cathedral, Place Vendome Perfumery, the Tuileries; model boats; the Racing Club de France Pool for swimming; arrival at the airport to leave for Belgium; the Belgium theatre.

81.6 2nd Division Leaves Germany. 2nd Division packs up to move to Western Holland; rations loaded into trucks; the troops move out.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 82

82.1 One Year After.
Pastoral scenes of Normandy in the summer of 1945; flashback to 1944, when tanks overran the land; the battle of Carpiquet Airfield, the battle of Falaise Gap; peacetime reconstruction of homes in 1945; the abandoned airfield and derelict war machinery; harvest time.

82.2 Toronto Mermaids Entertain. The Toronto Mermaids Swimming Club demonstrates synchronized swimming; women chat at pool side.

82.3 Copenhagen Air Show. The Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force give a fundraiser air show in Denmark; Queen Alexandra of Denmark attends; Spitfire stunts; other bombers fly overhead; Group Captain Johnny Johnson, the show’s promoter.

82.4 Canada Sends Clothing to Europe. Repair depot workers mend clothing and repair shoes in Valleyfield, Quebec; their work is distributed by United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and the Red Cross to the needy in Europe.

82.5 Berlin Victory Parade. Allied United Nations leaders watch a parade in Berlin; the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders pipe band lead the Canadian contingent; British and Canadian soldiers ride by in tanks and trucks.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 83

83.1 General Crerar Leaves for Home. At an airport in England, General H.D.G. Crerar begins his leave; flashbacks to Crerar’s war history – the Italian campaign, his time with the 1st Canadian Army, Normandy, Dieppe, the Reichswald Forest, at Headquarters where he thanks his troops; Crerar boards the ship; the ship leaves.

83.2 Algonquin’s Shaving Ceremony. The Algonquin Regiment performs a “precision drill shaving” to commemorate invasion day in a humorous fashion.

83.3 Northern Rivers Re-stocked with Beaver. Men from the Department of Indian Affairs set traps to capture live beaver in Algonquin Park, Ontario; beavers are loaded into a train in Huntsville and travel to Moosonee; their destination is the Kesagami and Albany River Preserves near James Bay; natives conduct the animals to their release point; they release a beaver in the Albany River.

83.4 C.W.A.C. Draft Arrives in Holland. Members of The Canadian Women’s Army Corps arrive to release their male counterparts for active duty in Apeldoorn, Holland; the C.W.A.C. barracks; sewing and resting in park land; tour of the village of Volendam; don traditional Dutch costumes and walk around in them; the women return to camp.

83.5 Frisian Islands Receive German Wounded. German amputation wounded are supervised by Canadians in a Canadian hospital and treated by German doctors.

83.6 Canadian Frigates for Far East. At a Western Canadian port, Rear Admiral Victor-Gabriel Brodeur inspects a new frigate; a trial run with simulated combat; anti-aircraft guns and depth charges.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 84

84.1 Flooded Holland Reclaimed. Pump houses in the flooded countryside of Holland are manned by the Royal Canadian Engineers; portable pumps; land in fallow; bulldozers make pools to reduce the size of canals; demolition and clearance of a broken bridge; a shipment of supplies floats down a restored canal; the cargo is unloaded.

84.2 Milch Cows for Mexico. Dignitaries from Canadian and Mexican governments visit Murco Farms in Lindsay, Ontario. The occasion is the shipment of the first herd of dairy cattle ever to go to Mexico. Dr. Barton, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, welcomes visitors; everyone drinks milk; cows are loaded onto trucks.

84.3 Canadian Dental Corps Follows Through. Refresher courses are held at the Canadian Dental Corps Technical Training Centre in Toronto; students work on plastic models of teeth and patients; x-rays; special training for restorative work for the returning war wounded.

84.4 Amsterdam Leave. The Canadian Army Leave Centre in Amsterdam; the information desk; the streets of Amsterdam; the Canada Club; the Winter Gardens; servicemen dance.

84.5 Army Track Championships. Maple Leaf Stadium in Nijmegen, Holland hosts the events; opening parade; the high jump; runners; award ceremony; the long jump; a tug of war is viewed by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery; the prize table; the 4th Canadian Division team gets a prize.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 85

85.1 Victory in the East. The surrender of Japan is announced by Prime Minister Clement Attlee of Britain; Canadian soldiers join the London celebrations; dancing in the streets; headline in Dutch newspapers announce the victory; soldiers read Maple Leaf newspaper headline, It’s All Over!; a civilian newspaper in Oldenburg, Germany; a soldier makes an alteration to the map at Canadian Occupational Headquarters; the English Royal Family attends St. Paul’s Cathedral’s Thanksgiving Ceremony, with Sir Winston Churchill. Japan surrendered on August 14, 1945.

85.2 Inter-Service Sports Meet. At the Maple Leaf Stadium in Nijmegen, Holland, The Canadian Women’s Army Corps pipe band performs at the Inter-Service track meet; the long jump; a tug of war; the high jump; Princess Juliana gives out the prizes.

85.3 Canada Welcomes Tilston, V.C.. The El Nil Hospital Ship carrying wounded veterans docks at Halifax Harbour; a band on the docks; Major Fred Tilston, recipient of the Victoria Cross, returns to Canada; a parade in his honour down the streets of Windsor; the Essex Scottish Pipe Band; the Honourable Paul Martin, Secretary of State, and Mayor Arthur Reaume give a scroll to Tilston; speeches in an arena; ceremony and presentation of a plaque at the Toronto Cenotaph; a parade in his honour in Toronto.

85.4 Equine P.O.W.s Return Home. The Royal Army Veterinarian Corps supervise the return of horses to their Dutch owners at a checkpoint in western Germany; blacksmiths shoe the animals; horses are harnessed to carts; Dutch drivers take the reins from Germans at the border; horses are returned to their owners; a farmer ploughs his field with the assistance of his newly-returned horses.

85.5 Dieppe Anniversary. The third Anniversary of Dieppe is commemorated in the Dieppe Cemetery; flashbacks to August 19, 1942 to the naval battle, the rescue of airmen, the dead on the beaches; a plaque is set at the furthest point reached by the Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders; General Georges P. Vanier, the Canadian Ambassador to France, and the Chief of General Staff review the beach; the Mayor of Dieppe and General Vanier lay memorial wreaths; the 2nd Division commander General A. Bruce Matthews is given a flag by the Dieppe residents; parade of Canadian soldiers and crowds.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 86

86.1 Monty Crashes. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery goes to the No.16 Canadian General Hospital after his plane crashes in Oldenburg, Germany; he is unhurt, and keeps his appointment to inspect the Canadian Army Occupational Force; he presents awards to Lieutenant Colonel Henderson, Major Tedly, Major Weber, Captain Walker, Captain Keiley, C.Q.M.S. Morrow, Rifleman Butcher; Monty leaves in a new plane.

86.2 Corporal Fred Topham ,V.C. In Toronto, Corporal Fred Topham is honoured as World War One veteran Captain O’Leary gives him the ribbon from his own Victoria Cross, presented as a token until Topham receives his own medal; interview with Topham. Topham won the Victoria Cross for bravery in action with the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion on March 24, 1945.

86.3 Wives Convention. The Canadian Wives Bureau Convention in London gives lessons to British women bound for a life with their Canadian husbands; registration; lecturers speak on household sciences; the Red Cross gives cooking lessons, Canadian style; Canadian designed fashion show; a cocktail party at Oceanic House hosted by the Honourable and Mrs. Vincent Massey.

86.4 International Yacht Race. A Dutch yacht club competes with the ten invited crews of the Canadian Sergeants Yacht Club in Amsterdam.

86.5 Holland Racing Meet. Turf and harness racing at race track near Groningen; army hunt club entries; Gunner Battington on Trixie wins a race.

86.6 Canada Welcomes General Crerar. General H.D.G. Crerar wanders around the ship Ile de France while at sea; arrival at the Halifax port; Mrs. Crerar and daughter greet the General; Crerar talks to members of the 1st Canadian Army wounded in action; Moncton crowds greet him as he passes by in a train; at Union Station in Ottawa, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King greets him with a 6th Division Honour guard; Parliament Hill welcoming ceremony with large crowds in attendance; Mackenzie King gives a speech, followed by Crerar (actuality sound).

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 87

87.1 Canadian Named Jersey’s Lieutenant Governor. Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Grasett takes over as the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey, one of the recently liberated Channel Islands; he and his family are greeted by the attorney general, the harbour master, and a guard of honour drawn from the 620th Royal Artillery; Grasset is invested at the Town Hall; he examines defensive positions; his new home.

87.2 Eskimo Inn. The Eskimo Inn ice cream bar is opened in Oldenburg, Germany by the Canadian Auxiliary Services Catering Pool; men make ice cream; the shop is opened; customers are served ice cream and pop.

87.3 Highlights in the News. Mayor Major General Bertram Meryl Hoffmeister gives annuities to Victoria Cross winners Major John Mahony and Private Ernest A. Smokey Smith in New Westminster, B.C. A bus service is set up in Utrecht, Holland using army transport trucks. Near Ypres, Belgium people hold a carnival for the troops; soldiers are reunited with their friends; fun at a carnival; beer tent. In Surrey, England, troops of the Royal Canadian Signals parade at former signals reinforcement unit; Major General Weeks presides at the unveiling of a cairn dedicated to the memory of signalmen killed in action.

87.4 Spruce Bud Worm Blitzed. Specimens of the Spruce Bud Worm are gathered in the forest of Northern Quebec by the Field Units of the Dominion and U.S. Entomological Service; smoke generators; a plane loads up with D.D.T., a pesticide; workers lay out a tarp at the base of a tree to catch dead worms; planes spray the pesticide.

87.5 Antwerp Horse Show. A gymkhana and horse meet takes place at a park in Antwerp, Belgium; jumping in an arena; guard dogs go over the course; a pillow fight on horseback; a musical ride.

87.6 C.W.A.C. Sports Meet. At the Aldershot Sports Stadium in England, an army track and field staged by the Canadian Women’s Army Corps meet takes place; 50 yard dash; the high jump; the long jump; a sack race; a relay race; a tug of war; a potato race; a softball game; prize ceremonies; Doris “PeeWee” Mallard gets a prize for best individual performance.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 88

88.1 Repat Control Room Keeps ‘Em Moving. The operations room at A.G.2 Canadian Military Headquarters is the controlling point for the Canadian Army’s repatriation system; workers at the superintendent desk look at records for drafts reporting to England; ship schedule board; record keeping to allocate troop spaces on the ships; air delivery of mail; the Pasteur leaves the docks; a baby flattop; destroyers; a passenger ship full of home-bound veterans.

88.2 Cabbage Town - Holland Version. In Doorn, Holland, The Queen’s Own Rifles create their mini-city in an ex-German camp; Rifleman Gambriel acts as a mayor in costume; twosergeants sweep up; street signs with Toronto street names; the “Chief Justice” at “Osgoode Hall”.

88.3 Amsterdam Yacht Clubs. A yacht club is taken over by military commanding officers; boats that were confiscated from collaborators are taken out by military personnel; the lounge and bar at the club; a game of pool; the Beaver Yacht Club on Paterswoldse Lake near Groningen hosts all ranks on leave and awaiting repatriation; sailboat on the lake; a motorboat.

88.4 Canadian Commodities to U.N.R.R.A.. Men and women work on a canned meat assembly line in Toronto; large bars of laundry soap ready for shipment; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration boxes and barrels ready for shipment.

88.5 Chaudières Patrol Germany. The Régiment de la Chaudière at work; at a control point, soldiers check Germans for stolen booty and look at their papers; at Essen, German soldiers ready to be discharged are examined for S.S. tattoos; flame-throwing tank demonstration.

88.6 2nd Division Celebrates Labour Day. The Soesterberg Airfield in Holland hosts Labour Day celebrations with a parade and floats, a wild west rodeo; and the “Labour Day Stakes” horse race; the U.S. troops play Canadians in a game of softball; women sing at a musical revue; dancing at the Royal Canadian Engineer lounge.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 89

89.1 U.N.R.R.A. Takes Canadian Vehicles for Czechs. At No.1 Staging Camp in Holland, army vehicles are turned over to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration to become supply trucks; the drivers have a meal; at the border, Czech drivers take over from the army personnel; final checks to the vehicles.

89.2 Blankenberge Liberation Anniversary. A Belgian town plays host to the 12th Manitoba Dragoons; ceremonies in the town square; a parade and crowds; medals are presented to the first three soldiers to enter the town during the liberation.

89.3 Sport Highlights. The 30th Battery Bombers Softball Team play a U.S. team in a softball game at Bremen, Germany. Horse show in Groningen, Holland; one horse carriage; over fences; dressage. The South London Harriers run a road race in Coulsdon, England; Canadian Sergeant Gérard Coté of Montreal, a three-time Boston Marathon winner and Tommy Richards of Wales lead the pack; end of the race, with Richards the winner.

89.4 De Gaulle Visits Ottawa. General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, participates at a ceremony at the National War Memorial on July 11, 1944.

89.5 Farewell to First Division. The 1st Canadian Division soldiers pack up their kit bags; flashbacks to 1939 landing in England, General A.G.L. McNaughton at the port; guarding England; August 1941 attack on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen to destroy communications installations; fires on the island; training exercises for beach landings; June 1943 large-scale training exercise at sea; July 10, 1943: Sicily, Ragusa, Enna, Leonforte, Regalbuto, Catania; mule trains; battle of Ortona; Major Paul Triquet V.C.; Casino in ruins; Italian crowds; taking off marks of identification by the Adriatic; Senio River battle; move to Marseilles; into action in Holland; V.E. Day surrender conference; parading through Berlin; General H.D.G. Crerar bids the troops goodbye.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 90

90.1 1st Division Leaves U.K. Ten thousand repatriated soldiers of the First Canadian Division gather at No.9 Repat Depot; Corporal Knowlton is ready to leave; a road sign with distance to Canadian cities; Knowlton and crew load onto the Amsterdam at night; pipers play as the ship leaves port; the ship Ile de France is loaded up with bags.

90.2 Japan Bombs Canada. The Interservice Bomb Disposal Unit searches for undetonated balloon bombs sent by Japan to Canada; explanation of these incendiary devices; crew disposes of a bomb.

90.3 Scientists Study German Methods. Canadian scientists at an office of records; lists of German manufacturers and maps; Dr. Paul Larose tours the I.G. Farben Combine Plant, a chemical factory; Professor Roger R. Potvin tours the United German Metal Works with the plant manager; a 15-ton press to make propellers.

90.4 Homes of Tomorrow. The Hilversum Town Hall in Holland is converted into a school of home planning; servicemen take courses; drafting tables; soldier builds a model of a home.

90.5 United Kingdom Softball Finals. Softball championship games at the Ford and Hampshire Ball Field; No.2 Coast Guard Reserve Unit (C.G.R.U.) plays No.10 Repat Depot; Brigadier Suttie gives out prizes.

90.6 Dominion Victory Regatta. Rowing races on the Thames River, England; Captain Aldus and Sergeant Kelly compete in the single sculling event; Lieutenant Bob Pool and Craftsman Ken Leggard go against an Australian team in the pairs; Canadian, British and Australian crews compete in the eight man race.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 91

91.1 Freedom of Aldershot. Freedom of the borough of Aldershot is given to the Canadian Army Overseas; General P.J. Montague presides; guard of honour; Montague receives a silver casket and script from the Mayor; a precision guard drill; big crowds watch marching men and women.

91.2 “A Matter of Life and Death”. Several servicemen and servicewomen get a tour of Denholm Film Studio Soundstage 5, where directors Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburg’s new film A MATTER OF LIFE AND DEATH is in production; the Canadians meet one of the stars, fellow Canadian Raymond Massey; Michael Powell gives them a backstage tour; the film’s stars, Kim Hunter and David Niven; the actors stand by for a take; a scene is shot; David Niven kids around with a CWAC.

91.3 “Keep on Saving”. The Thanksgiving Week Saving Drive Battle of Britain Air Show

outside of London; double amputee Group Captain Doug Bader gives a demonstration of his flying ability; Trafalgar Square displays German armaments; signs advertise the 9th Victory Loan.

91.4 2nd Division Leaves Holland. Soldiers break camp; cleaning their uniforms with help from some local children; the Toronto Scottish Regiment, the 14th Field Company Royal Canadian Engineers and the 2nd Field Battery R.C.A.; parade across Nijmegen, across Foulkes Bridge; troops board boats for England; the Dover cliffs; disembarking in England.

91.5 Monty Opens Khaki University. The Khaki University of Canada in Leeds at Hoffenshire is opened by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery on October 1, 1945, on the former site of the No.23 Canadian General Hospital; student-soldiers listen to Montgomery’s address; Monty and the University President Brigadier G.E. Beament inspect the group; new university tunics for the men and women of the school; courses in chemistry and other subjects; the dormitories.

91.6 Calgary Stampede. Victory Park Grounds; wild cow milking contest; calf roping; steer decorating; bronco riding; bull riding; chuck wagon racing.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 92

92.1 Mackenzie King Arrives in U.K. The ship Queen Mary of Southampton Port in October 1944; British crowds on the docks; Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King is greeted on board by Mrs. J.C. Diamond, the Mayor of Southampton; they are joined by Frederick Hunt, the acting High Commissioner of Canada, at a train station.

92.2 Jerries Aid Victory Loan. Posters are placed along the road for the 9th Army Victory Loan drive; signs are painted by German artist in the Provost Corps paint shop in Oldenburg; new road signs are placed on the road.

92.3 Repat Fleet Adds Aircraft Carrier. The HMCS Puncher; repatriated soldiers gather on board; large freight elevators lower men into the ship; bunk areas; the aircraft carrier moves down the Clyde River, past the John Brown shipyards, new ship under construction, and its sister ship.

92.4 Canada’s First Ambassador to Greece. Major General Léo Richer La Flèche and family disembark at Piraeus, Greece and proceed to the British Embassy; inspection of UNRAA shipment of goods.

92.5 Johnny Canuck Jr. Goes to Camp. Army training for high school cadets Cedar Springs Camp in Southern Ontario; sports; swimming in Lake Simcoe; visitors’ day picnic; parade square inspection.

92.6 Hong Kong Liberation. The British fleet receives the surrender from Japan; troops clear out pockets of resistance; Japanese prisoners of war; Admiral Bruce Fraser of the flagship Duke of York receives the surrender of Major General Okada and Vice Admiral Fujita and receives their swords at the Hong Kong Government House; streets of Hong Kong.

92.7 Gridiron Season Opens in Canada. Ottawa Rugby Season opens with Toronto playing Ottawa; 1945 Ontario Rugby Football Union (O.R.F.U.) team captains lay memorial wreath; Major Stan Lewis kicks off; crowd control problem.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 93

93.1 First Peacetime Investitures. The first investitures of Canadians to take place during peacetime in the courtyard at Buckingham Palace by King George VI; Major General Charles Foulkes, Lieutenant Colonel Glen A. Rankin, Lieutenant Colonel Stockdale, and three Victoria Cross winners from India outside the palace.

93.2 Aviation Experts Meet in Montreal. The Provisional Civil Aviation Organization hold their first meeting, in Montreal, in August 1945; Arthur McCombe, the Australian delegate, gives a speech (actuality sound); delegates from many countries; Mr. A. McKim, the Canadian delegate.

93.3 C.F.R.S. Goes Big Time. Canadian Force Radio Services office in Aldershot; radio towers; Denny Vaughan on piano; studio technicians; radio program Canadian Caravan in the studio on the air, the All Soldier Canadian Army String and String Group conducted by Captain Bob Farnon, and the host of the show, Gerry Wilmot; “Information Joe” is questioned by awaiting repats.

93.4 Danny Webb Trains for Big Bout. Canadian boxer Danny Webb trains for a bout with Sid Wargen; sparring.

93.5 Pulp Makes Ladies Clothes. Logs are chopped up and made into cellulose in Northern Canada; turned into rayon; men and women working in the factory; thread is made and woven, patterns, cut, sewed; clothing is modeled.

93.6 Jerries Fish for Food. Canadian Army Zone of Germany makes plans for German fisherman to go back to work; fishermen work on nets; ships out to sea; German naval boat watches over the fleet; big load of fish is hauled in; return to the port; distribution centre; woman cooks the fish.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 94

94.1 Lizzie on Repat Schedule. A troop train arrives at the Southampton port; the Cunard liner Queen Elizabeth is boarded by servicemen and servicewomen; a band plays; British civilians wave goodbye; the ship leaves port.

94.2 Camberley Ceremony. No.2 Canadian Special Infantry Battalion on parade at the Old Dean Common Camp in Hampshire; Lieutenant General John C. Murchie meets Colonel Patterson; inspection of the troops; a drum is presented to the group; the Mayor of Camberley watches the parade, which is a part of the Thanksgiving week festivities.

94.3 Alberta Oil Boom. The Turner Valley oil industry; tapping wells; underground mapping techniques; a derrick and power unit is set up; a tanker truck moves oil out; tractor-trailers move houses from one provisional town to another; an “old west” style of living for the oil workers; horses, a general store, and a train.

94.4 Brems Garden Premiere. A CWAC band plays in Aurich, Germany; Brigadier Gibson, the commanding officer of personnel, opens the Brems Gardens Recreation Centre, a new club made by Auxiliary Services and German workers from a renovated German army residence; food and games.

94.5 Army “Big Four” Opener. 4th Division Atoms play the Army Troops Bombers in a football game in Beaver Stadium in Utrecht, Holland; cheerleaders on the sidelines.

94.6 “Hold Your Hat”. The “5th Super Colossal Spectacular Road Show” troopers perform; several numbers by soldiers in drag, a comedy skit, gymnastics; the commanding officer of the show, Lieutenant Nickling, performs on the high bar.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 95

95.1 Far East P.O.W.s Arrive in B.C. An aircraft carrier, the Implacable, arrives in Vancouver with British ex-prisoners of war from Hong Kong aboard; Canadians welcome them as they disembark; injured soldiers; the Red Cross hands out apples; Canadian National and Canadian Pacific trains bring soldiers east; a stop-off in Jasper, Alberta.

95.2 The Queen Inspects R.C.A.F. (W.D.). Women’s division marches to Buckingham Palace; inspection by Queen Elizabeth and Princess Elizabeth; the division parades by. Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).

95.3 Air Cadets Train on Gliders. The Air Cadet League of Canada trains near Ottawa; a prefabricated Curly glider is put together; a tractor pulls the vehicle onto an airfield; a winch launches the glider; a plane launches another glider; flying in the glider.

95.4 Hamilton Welcomes General Crerar. A parade of World War One veterans, inspected by Lieutenant General Henry Duncan Graham Crerar; Hamilton Mayor Sam Lawrence presents Crerar with a plaque at Civic Stadium; wounded soldiers talking.

95.5 Lincoln and Wellands Return to Eekloo. The city of Eekloo hosts the Lincoln and Welland Regiments; parade to Cemetery Cenotaph for a ceremony; parade; Burgermeister Robert Staser inspects, presents a banner and receives a German sword.

95.6 Argos vs. Roughriders. Toronto visits Ottawa at a Lansdowne Park football game.

95.7 Farnborough Gymkhana. A fun and games horse show at No.8 Repatriation Depot; The Royal Army Service Corps (R.A.S.C.) wrestling on horseback; General Daniel Charles Spry looks on; open jumping competition; a helicopter demonstration; Chittingfold Farmers Hunt dogs; musical chairs on heavy horses.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 96

96.1 “Queen Elizabeth” Arrives in Canada. The Queen Elizabeth passenger ship on its way to Halifax; with returning soldiers; boat drill; dinner; berths; rough seas; Halifax Harbour; the Toronto Scottish disembark; a train in motion; Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal march to a baseball stadium in Montreal where Archbishop Joseph Charbonneau and Brigadier J. G. Gauvreau, former commanding officer of the regiment, preside over a religious ceremony; families greet soldiers.

96.2 Dominion Swells Meat Exports to U.K. Activities at a pig farm; record keeping; pigs at a test station; Ponoka livestock trains are loaded; packing plant; cutting the meat; packing the meat into containers; refrigerator car.

96.3 Round-Up Time in Germany. Troops of the Nova Scotia Highlanders are briefed on procedures for searching the occupied German countryside; a German family is questioned; a bootlegger is caught; people whose identification papers are not in good order are put into a truck and taken to headquarters for further questioning.

96.4 Occupational Training for Amputation Cases. The staff of an office of the Canadian Department of Veterans Affairs creates wooden limbs; amputees exercise; amputees try out their new limbs; they are trained on their use; man with hook arms drives a car and enjoys a meal with his wife.

96.5 C.W.A.C. Band Tours Paris. The Canadian Women’s Army Corps parades on the Champs Elysées, with pipe leader Lillian Grant in the lead; General Georges P. Vanier, the Canadian Ambassador to France, takes the salute; the band members are received in the Tuileries Garden by General and Mrs. Vanier.

96.6 1945-46 Hockey Season Opens. The Toronto Maple Leafs play the Boston Bruins at Maple Leaf Gardens; Nick and Don Metz put on the padding while Frank McCool, the Toronto goalie, prepares for sensational saves. Private Ernest A. Smokey Smith, V.C. does face-off honours; six V.C. winners watch the game as guests of the Leafs; Conn Smythe and Major Frederick Albert Tilston watch the game. Tie game – 1-1.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 97

97.1 Armistice Day, 1945. 1918 Armistice Honours in London: On the grounds of Westminster Abbey, Canadian veterans of World War II place poppies and crosses on consecrated plots in memory of servicemen who lost their lives in this war and the last; in Headley, Surrey, the Canadian Branch of the British Legion holds a service; The Canadian Women’s Army Corps lays a wreath on a World War One cenotaph; at the memorial in London’s Whitehall, King George lays a wreath, followed by Princess Elizabeth; “Big Ben” calls for one minute of silence; shot of Vimy Monument; a cemetery of white crosses; wreath; crowds; the Dowager Queen Mary in the balcony; Winston Churchill.

97.2 H.M.C.S. Prince Robert Comes Home. At Esquimalt, British Columbia, the ship H.M.C.S. Prince Robert returns with repatriated soldiers from Japanese prisoners of war camps; 15 Montreal missionaries are among the group; the ship’s commander, Captain Wallace Creery, and family; the history of the ship.

97.3 Food and Agriculture Conference. Delegates sign in at the Chateau Frontenac in Quebec City for a Food and Agriculture Organization conference; Postmaster General Ernest Bertrand welcomes delegates from 30 nations; the Australian delegate and others sign the Food and Agriculture Organization constitution; the group’s chairman, the Honourable Lester B. “Mike” Pearson, Canada’s Ambassador to Washington, speaks on the subject of the FAO’s purpose (actuality sound). The conference was held from October 16 to
November 1, 1945.

97.4 Paris Furlough. At the Beacon Hill Airport, England, a Dakota flown by Royal Canadian Air Force personnel takes Canadian servicemen for a holiday in Paris. Lands at Le Bourget, France; tour buses; the Canada Club in the Palais d’Orsay; Sacré Coeur Cathedral; the Paris landscape; an artist at work on the bohemian sector; the Paris Opera House; Notre Dame Cathedral; the Republican Guard; the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier; the Eternal Flame; the Eiffel Tower.

97.5 Intercollegiate Football. Intercollegiate football season opens after wartime suspension since 1939. Queens plays the University of Toronto at the Richardson Stadium in Kingston, Queens 19 – Toronto 15; McGill plays Western at Molson Stadium in Montreal, Western 20 – McGill 7.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 98

98.1 Ottawa Funeral of General Stuart. Many people attend the funeral cortege of General Kenneth Stuart; funeral procession moves from All Saints Anglican Church to Beechwood Cemetery in Ottawa; a battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment forms the guard of honour; a 15 gun salute is fired by a battery of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery; his horse is led behind the coffin; his medals are carried; graveside ceremony is conducted by Honorary Brigadier C.G. Hepburn, former principal Protestant Chaplain of the Canadian Army.

98.2 Gunner Newspaper Goes to Press. The Artillery troops produce their own newspaper, The Gunner, on German presses; the presses at work; daily operations at the newspaper; Editor-in-Chief Lieutenant Colonel Telford looks at the paper; distribution.

98.3 Joan Canuck Gets Nylons. At a Kingston nylon thread mill, women work at a variety of machines; nylon stockings are examined and tried on.

98.4 Toronto Family Beats Housing Shortage. A family builds their own house from scratch; bricks are made; mother works on the cement; father lays bricks; the finished product; a boy builds a dog house.

98.5 Salmon for Britain. Salmon fishermen tend to their nets; fishing boats go out; salmon is scooped up; the return to port; cannery production line.

98.6 Engineers Restore German Railways. Allied bombing wreckage; railways are repaired by engineers with German railway men; Freisland Station is opened; a shipment of Canadian flour arrives; displaced persons and food.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 99

99.1 Atlantic Barrel. Mark Charlton and Peter Olson use a metal beer barrel to construct a boat in Sydney, Nova Scotia, but a broken mast stops them from making an ocean voyage.

99.2 U.N.R.R.A. Buys Canadian Machinery. An Ontario plant takes shell cases, guns and small arms and transfers it into peacetime goods; metal is transformed into farm machinery to aid Europe’s agricultural reconstruction; men at work in the factory; crated products for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration transportation.

99.3 Berlin Children Evacuated. German children play in the ruins of Berlin; children are moved to Oldenburg by train under the supervision of the Red Cross; doctors check them over; they are given new clothes; children on a bus; children are united with their foster families.

99.4 First Post-War Auto Off Line. A reconverted plant in Oshawa, Ontario makes its first civilian car on the assembly line; the Chevrolet product is presented to Major C.A. Bell of the Department of Veterans Affairs to be used for war amputee rehabilitation.

99.5 B.C. Breaks Egg Export Record. At New Westminster, B.C., The Columbia Star, a refrigerated ship, carries 34 million eggs to England; chickens and farmers; women crating the eggs; men load them onto a ship.

99.6 Farewell to Fort Garry’s. In Holland, Fort Garry Horse Regiment parades in farewell and commemorates Cambrai Day; Commanding Officer Colonel Wilson takes the salute from the troops and parading boy scouts and girl guides; children get their last ride to school on a transport truck bus service; an egg and spoon race pits the local police against the men of Fort Garry; a blindfold race; jeep pushing race; piggy back wrestling; boot mix-up race; crowds enjoy the festivities.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 100

100.1 Centennial Celebration. Flashback to Issue No. 1 of the Canadian Army Newsreels; pamphlet for other past issues; the Canadian Film and Photo Unit screens an edition at its theatre in London; distribution procedures; camp theatres and signs; repatriation base screenings; viewing on a ship; production at the Merton Park Studios; printing unit; playbills are printed: No. 100 in its can is ready to be shipped.

100.2 Black Watch Homecoming. The Montreal Black Watch regiment receives a ticker tape parade on St. James Street in Montreal; returns to its headquarters.

100.3 Auto Strike. At the Windsor Ford Plant, strikers make a barrier of automobiles to protect their picket lines from the police; strike bulletins issued by the United Automobile Workers Union are read by the workers; Labour Minister Humphrey Mitchell strives to reach a settlement; police remove the barricades.

100.4 Ottawa First Night. “The True Glory”, the feature film story of the victorious Allied Campaign, is premiered in Ottawa at the Regent Theatre; much of the footage filmed by the Canadian Army Film Unit; bands play; Lieutenant General Charles Foulkes and Defence Minister Douglas Abbott attend.

100.5 France Decorates Canucks. In Badenhausen, Germany, France’s General De Vernejoul decorates Canadians with the Legion of Honor; Lieutenant General G.G. Simonds; Major General C. Vokes; Brigadier J.S. Johnson.

100.6 R.C.A.F. vs. Army. The Royal Canadian Air Force Flyers and the Army Rough Riders play football before a military crowd in the Aldershot Command Stadium; Major General D.C. Spry performs the kick-off; The Canadian Women’s Army Corps band performs. Flyers 12, Rough Riders 6.

100.7 Santa Claus Comes to Town. The 45th Highlanders Band; the Santa Claus parade in Toronto; floats and other costumed people.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 101

101.1 The Return of “Wallace”. The Princess Royal inspects the 1st Battalion of the Canadian Scottish Regiment of B.C. in Aldershot, England, beginning a series of activities to mark the return of the company mascot, Wallace the St. Bernard, from the Royal Scots; new company flags; march past the commanding officer; St. Paul’s Cathedral in London; thanks by Lieutenant Colonel Henderson and the presentation of a plaque to the Princess Royal (actuality sound); Colonel Whiteman and the Canadian High Commissioner.

101.2 Wheat for Germany. Workers at a Canadian port load a ship with wheat; the Dunelmia of West Hartlepool unloads wheat in Hamburg; wheat is bagged and loaded onto trains.

101.3 Personalities in the News. Prestwick: Three British wives of Canadian servicemen fly to Canada from a Scottish airport to Dorval Airport. Toronto: Sunnybrook Military Hospital under construction; Lieutenant Governor Albert Matthews presides over the dedication ceremony; crowds watch Corporal Frederick George Topham, V.C., lay the corner stone. Aldershot: Chinese Canadian servicemen parade at the No.1 Repatriation Depot after returning from their secret duties in the battle of the Pacific; in an interview, they speak about their training and experiences (actuality sound).

101.4 C.A.O.F. Takes the Axe. In Germany, soldiers cut down trees for firewood for the Canadian Army Occupation Force; they use a small sawmill; chopping and stacking wood.

101.5 St. Nick Comes to Holland. The Canadian Army and the Netherlands Entertainment Committee helps St. Nick along his way; St. Nick travels by ship and horse; Black Peters ride in jeeps; carnival floats; a burgermeister meets St. Nick; Lieutenant Colonel Gilday drinks a toast with St. Nick.

101.6 Dominion Football Final. A snowball fight prefaces the 1945 Divisional Championship Playoffs at Varsity Football Stadium in Toronto; the Winnipeg Blue Bombers play the Toronto Argonauts. Toronto 35, Winnipeg 0.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 102

102.1 Rhythm Rodeo. Under the big top in Guildford, England, the Canadian Army Show puts on a wild west circus; Colonel Kit Carson; cowboys on horseback; lasso girls; chuck wagons; Indians and other western paraphernalia; skating routine; people dressed as horses in a comedy routine; Indians hold up a stage coach.

102.2 Aircraft for Civvy Street. Squadron Leader William Olmsted christens the Miss Winnipeg, the first civilian post-war aircraft off the production line at the Cub Aircraft Plant in Hamilton, Ontario; “Mrs. Oglesby”, the chief test pilot dressed as a woman, takes the plane for a spin; the Canadair Factory in Montreal remodels DC3 Dakotas for airline use; Reconstruction Minister C.D. Howe and Trans-Canada Air Lines president Mr. H.J. Symington on an airfield with one of the Dakotas.

102.3 Launching of the Beaverglen. A new Canadian Pacific ship, the Beaverglen, is launched at Port Glasgow, Scotland. Canadian soldiers and others crowd on the docks to view the launch.

102.4 Furs for Milady. Minks are examined in Sherbrooke, Quebec; minks in cages; the 6th Annual Live Fox Show in Brampton, Manitoba; grooming the foxes.

102.5 Record Egg Shipment Arrives in U.K. The Columbia Star delivers from B.C. the world’s largest shipment of 34 million eggs to England; Sir Ben Smith, British Minister of Food, examines some eggs; unloading.

102.6 1946 Cars on Display. In Germany, the Canadian Army Occupation Force “pneumonia wagons” (jeeps) are refitted with roofs.102.7 Kurt Meyer Trial General Kurt Meyer, a member of the Waffen S.S., arrives at the airport in Aurich, Germany; awaits his trial for killing Canadian prisoners of war in Normandy; Meyer and his guards go for a walk; Major General Harry Foster inspects the Royal Winnipeg Rifles Guard; the courtroom; Meyer is brought in; proceedings conclude with Meyer becoming the first war criminal sentenced to death by a Canadian court. The prosecuting attorney was B.J.S. MacDonald. He was aided by Clarence Campbell, later to become president of the National Hockey League. Members of the Royal Winnipeg Rifles are shown guarding the prisoner. Also seen is Major General Foster, Commander of the 4th Canadian Armoured Division, who presided over the trial, held from December 10 to 18, 1945. Meyer’s death sentence was commuted to life in prison and he was released in September 1954.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 103

103.1 1945 In Review. Highlights of historic year for the Canadian Army Overseas: Two men of the North Nova Scotia Highlanders plant their regimental flag on German soil. Northern Italy: 1st Canadian Corps cross the Lamone River towards Ferrara, and move across the Appennine Mountains in winter. The Netherlands: Troops in winter gear fight; the Royal Canadian Engineers blow ice from the bridges; soldiers advance across flooded areas in amphibious areas; artillery fire and tank barrages; flamethrowers; supplies arrive at Antwerp port and are transported by truck towards Nijmegen for the crossing of the Rhine; smoke screens are used in Spring Offensive. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery presides over the first investitures of Canadians on German soil. Tanks attack positions around the Hochwald Forest; advance of Canadian troops through Dutch towns. Victoria Cross winner Frederick Albert Tilston; fellow Victoria Cross winners Major Sergeant Aubrey Cosens and Corporal Frederick George Topham are mentioned. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits the Canadian troops; 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion and action on the Rhine. The Royal Canadian Engineers build Bailey bridges; movement of supplies and equipment across the water. Deventer and other Dutch towns are liberated; the Dutch crowds celebrate. The 5th Division at Zuider Zee; shot of the sign “Stalag VI/C Zweiglagerwesuwe”, rescue of prisoners of the camp and shots of emaciated corpses on stretchers. Bernard Montgemery and the 21st Army Group meets with Russian generals. May 5, 1945: Germany surrenders; Field Marshal Montgomery chairs a ceremony; Churchill gives the surrender announcement; the Royal Family; celebrations by crowds in London, Holland, Belgium, Ottawa, and Toronto, other Canadian cities and New York City. Supplies arrive to give relief to Europeans; the 3rd Infantry Division takes up its duties at Canadian Occupational Force; supplies arrive to feed starving civilians; Provost Corps examines the luggage of returning German soldiers for booty; German troops turn in their equipment and return home. Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Nazi governor of Holland, General Johannes Blaskowitz, and General Kurt Meyer are arrested; Meyer’s trial. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King speaks on the CBC after his page 110 election victory; Canadian troops march to a service in London on Dominion Day; the Royal Family attends a service at Westminster Abbey. Allied troops march in a victory parade through Berlin; Churchill attends the parade; volunteers for the war in the Pacific gather in Nijmegen and return to Canada as other troops participate in a sports day. Celebrations in London, England of the surrender of Japan; Japanese generals surrender; the 6th Division, slated for war service in the East, has its last pass before it is disbanded. General H.D.G. Crerar returns to Canada by ship and is formally welcomed by William Lyon Mackenzie King and his family; Canadian prisoners of war in Hong Kong arrive at the Vancouver port; Khaki University in London is opened by Montgomery; Canadians receive the freedom of the city of Aldershot; Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander prepares to leave for Canada to become the new Governor General. Canadian troops return home by train and by sea.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 104

104.1 Czechs See Canuck Hockey. Canadian 4th Division teams play against each other in an exhibition game in Prague; Captain Red Macavy in nets for the infantry; Gunner Turk Broda, of the National Hockey League, in nets for the artillery.

104.2 B.C. Builds China Coasters. Peacetime shipyards work in Burrard Inlet, Vancouver; a China Coaster ship for use in the Far East is built, launched, and sails away.

104.3 News Parade. Hilversum: Jan Nieuwenhuys aka “Daag” designs posters for the Canadian Army in Holland. Southampton: Secretary of State the Honourable Paul Martin, Justice Minister the Honourable Louis St. Laurent, Eleanor Roosevelt and a U.S. delegation disembark the ship Queen Elizabeth at Southampton, England to attend a United Nations Organization conference; the Mayor of Southampton greets them. Amsterdam: Lieutenant General Guy Simonds, in his last official act of his command on the continent, presents Burgermeister De Boer with a commemorative plaque to be placed on the Berlagebrug Bridge in Amsterdam that Canadian troops crossed in their drive to liberate the Dutch capital. The Mayor of Westminster, Major Squadron Leader Keeling inspects the Westminster Regiment of B.C. in a palace yard; regimental history; band and parade.

104.4 New System Speeds Airmail. Test of a remote airmail system in Montreal; a mail sack is suspended from a pole; a Norseman bush plane is fitted with a pick-up device; officials watch on; plane takes off; catches mail bag.

104.5 “H.M.C.S. Elstree” London’s British National Films shoot segments from MEET THE NAVY, starring members of the Canadian Navy circa January 1946; John Pratt, Goodyear and Merton from the Montreal Repertory Company perform a song and dance number; Army personnel invited on the troop ship set (the Elstree) as extras; a chorus number.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 105

105.1 U.N.O. Conference Opens. The United Nations Organization meets in Central Hall by Westminster Abbey in January, 1946; delegates including Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, Clement Attlee, Louis St. Laurent and Paul Martin arrive before a crowd of soldiers and civilians; interior shots of hall; the U.N.O. crest; delegates from Britain, the United States, Poland, China, Australia, France and Venezuela at their desks; Paul Henri Spaak of Belgium is announced as the president after an election by a five-vote majority; Spaak takes his seat at the front of the hall and declares the meeting open.

105.2 Germans Gather Winter Fuel. German people cut down trees, gather firewood, gather and process peat and saw logs in a small sawmill.

105.3 Lake Superior Regiment Receives New Colours. Lieutenant Colonel Parker, commanding officer of the Lake Superior Regiment, Lieutenant General J.C. Murchie, Chief of Staff, Canadian Military Headquarters, Brigadier K. G. Blackader, and Field Marshal Harold Alexander, the future Governor General of Canada, preside at an inspection of the regiment on the square at Aldershot; Alexander presents the new colours to the regiment before the regiment heads for home. Shots of the march past with Alexander taking the salute.

105.4 Voice Goes Home. Poster reading “Canadian Legion Home Recording Service” affixed to the side of a portable recording studio in a lorry in Germany. Interior shows a soldier reading his message into a microphone, recording his voice on a disc, and mailing the disc home.

105.5 Army Vehicles Demobbed. Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers classify trucks as they drive by; close-ups of shields, signs, numbers on vehicles. Trucks, armoured cars, tanks, jeeps and other military vehicles parked on large military vehicle parking lot at the Arnhem Airport, Holland.

105.6 Boom Town Moves. Construction booms in Yellowknife when gold is discovered under the main street; Hudson’s Bay Company sign; a city of shacks under construction; businesses opening up; a crude sign advertising Lee Britnell’s air transport company; a Norseman aircraft taxis away slowly on a lake; test drilling; prospectors staking claims; test processing being carried out in a small smelter; molten gold poured.

Canadian Army Newsreel No. 106

106.1 Khaki U Hosts Future Governor General. Lieutenant General G.G. Simonds greets Field Marshal Harold Alexander and Lady Margaret Alexander with the school’s proxy Brigadier G. E. Beament in Hertfordshire, England for the opening of second term at Khaki School of Canada; Lieutenant Francis Hupton of the Royal Canadian Engineers studies British transportation systems; in London’s Royal College of Nursing, Nursing Sister Mary Combe studies to be a hospital administrator; Lieutenant Sandbrooke takes a refresher course at the Architecture Association School in London; a private attends an extension course in copper work at the J. Russell Company, a noted British ship repairing firm; Corporal Jolicoeur studies to become an x-ray technician at the Ilford Radiographic School.

106.2 Nelson Gets Onceover. Soon-to-be-repatriated soldiers gather in Trafalgar Square in London to see steeplejack William Larkin climb to the top of Nelson’s Column to perform a check on its post-war condition.

106.3 Army Vehicles for Farmers. The War Assets Corporation and farmers’ organizations hold a draw in Montreal to allocate army trucks; a farmer picks up his “new” vehicle in the truck yard; a jeep pulls a plough in Ottawa.106.4 Eisenhower Visits Canada Dwight D. Eisenhower lays a wreath at Ottawa’s War Memorial; he gives an address at the University of Toronto (actuality sound) after receiving an honorary doctorate of law degree.

106.5 Glengarrians Invent Broomball. In Appen, Germany, a special duty platoon of Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry Highlanders plays broom hockey; slipping and sliding on the ice in their boots.

106.6 Fashion Show. Servicewomen and civilians attend a special fashion show in Halifax; models on the runway in Canadian designed clothing.

106.7 Aluminum Houses Relieve Shortage. The Shipshaw Dam in the province of Quebec produces hydroelectricity; bauxite tanks; aluminum is heated and cast into ingots; alloys are made in Kingston and made into sheets; prefabricated aluminum housing under construction in the shop; a house is folded up; full scale packed up, little house on site. The newsreel closes with the narrator saying “Now, as the final story in the final issue of the Canadian Army Newsreels comes to a close, the entire staff wishes you all health, wealth and happiness in Canada, our home.”